Boric acid as an adjunct to periodontal therapy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Nasir Zeeshan Bashir
  • Milan Krstic

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of boric acid as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal therapy, in comparison with a placebo adjunct, in terms of changes in probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL), in patients with periodontitis.

METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2020 (PubMed, Cochrane CENTRAL, EMBASE via OVID and Web of Science). Clinical outcomes were extracted, pooled and meta-analyses conducted using mean difference with standard deviations.

RESULTS: For PPD, a mean additional reduction of 0.58 mm (95% CI: -0.03-1.19 mm, p = 0.06) was observed at 3 months and a mean additional reduction of 1.18 mm (95% CI: 0.97-1.40 mm, p < 0.05) at 6 months, compared with placebo. For CAL, a mean additional gain of 0.62 mm (95% CI: -0.07-1.32 mm, p = 0.08) was observed at 3 months and a mean additional gain of 1.24 mm (95% CI: 0.89-1.58 mm, p < 0.05) at 6 months, compared with placebo. No adverse events were reported in any studies.

CONCLUSIONS: The adjunctive use of boric acid in non-surgical periodontal therapy results in improved treatment outcomes at 3 and 6 months, with no adverse events reported.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Dental Hygiene
Early online date29 Jan 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • boric acid, meta‐analysis, outcomes, periodontitis, scaling and root planing, systematic review