Boldness psychopathic traits predict reduced gaze toward fearful eyes in men with a history of violence

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@article{26d04380227742f5a422944322278964,
title = "Boldness psychopathic traits predict reduced gaze toward fearful eyes in men with a history of violence",
abstract = "Research with developmental and adult samples has shown a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced eye gaze. However, these relationships remained to be investigated among forensic samples. Here we examined the eye movements of male violent offenders during an emotion recognition task. Violent offenders performed similar to non-offending controls, and their eye movements varied with the emotion and intensity of the facial expression. In the violent offender group Boldness psychopathic traits, but not Meanness or Disinhibition, were associated with reduced dwell time and fixation counts, and slower first fixation latencies, on the eyes compared with the mouth. These results are the first to show a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced attention to the eyes in a forensic sample, and suggest that Boldness is associated with difficulties in orienting attention toward emotionally salient aspects of the face.",
keywords = "triarchic , psychopathy, eye scan paths , emotion , expression , fear , boldness , eye gaze",
author = "Steven Gillespie and Pia Rotshtein and Anthony Beech and Ian Mitchell",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.07.003",
language = "English",
volume = "128",
pages = "29--38",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0301-0511",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Boldness psychopathic traits predict reduced gaze toward fearful eyes in men with a history of violence

AU - Gillespie, Steven

AU - Rotshtein, Pia

AU - Beech, Anthony

AU - Mitchell, Ian

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - Research with developmental and adult samples has shown a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced eye gaze. However, these relationships remained to be investigated among forensic samples. Here we examined the eye movements of male violent offenders during an emotion recognition task. Violent offenders performed similar to non-offending controls, and their eye movements varied with the emotion and intensity of the facial expression. In the violent offender group Boldness psychopathic traits, but not Meanness or Disinhibition, were associated with reduced dwell time and fixation counts, and slower first fixation latencies, on the eyes compared with the mouth. These results are the first to show a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced attention to the eyes in a forensic sample, and suggest that Boldness is associated with difficulties in orienting attention toward emotionally salient aspects of the face.

AB - Research with developmental and adult samples has shown a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced eye gaze. However, these relationships remained to be investigated among forensic samples. Here we examined the eye movements of male violent offenders during an emotion recognition task. Violent offenders performed similar to non-offending controls, and their eye movements varied with the emotion and intensity of the facial expression. In the violent offender group Boldness psychopathic traits, but not Meanness or Disinhibition, were associated with reduced dwell time and fixation counts, and slower first fixation latencies, on the eyes compared with the mouth. These results are the first to show a relationship of psychopathic traits with reduced attention to the eyes in a forensic sample, and suggest that Boldness is associated with difficulties in orienting attention toward emotionally salient aspects of the face.

KW - triarchic

KW - psychopathy

KW - eye scan paths

KW - emotion

KW - expression

KW - fear

KW - boldness

KW - eye gaze

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.07.003

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.07.003

M3 - Article

C2 - 28729022

VL - 128

SP - 29

EP - 38

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

ER -