Bis(2-hydroxy-3-tert-butyl-5-methyl-phenyl)-methane (bis-phenol) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the secretory pathway Ca²⁺ ATPase (SPCA1)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


The secretory pathway Ca(2+) ATPase (SPCA) provides the Golgi apparatus with a Ca(2+) supply essential for Ca(2+)-dependent enzymes involved in the post-translational modification of proteins in transit through the secretory pathway. Ca(2+) in the Golgi apparatus is also agonist-releasable and plays a role in hormone-induced Ca(2+) transients. Although the Ca(2+) ATPase inhibitors thapsigargin is more selective for the sarcoplasmic-endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA) than for SPCA, no inhibitor has been characterised that selectively inhibits SPCA. A number of inhibitors were assessed for their selectivity to the human SPCA1d compared to the more ubiquitous human SERCA2b. Each isoform was over-expressed in COS-7 cells and the Ca(2+)-dependent ATPase activity measured in their microsomal membranes. Both bis(2-hydroxy-3-tert-butyl-5-methyl-phenyl)methane(bis-phenol) and 2-aminoethoxydiphenylborate (2-APB) selectively inhibited SPCA1d (with IC(50) values of 0.13 μM and 0.18 mM, respectively), which were of 62- and 8.3-fold greater potency than the values for hSERCA2b (IC(50) values; 8.1 μM and 1.5mM, respectively). Other inhibitors tested such as bis-phenol-A, tetrabromobisphenol-A and trifluoperazine inhibited both Ca(2+) ATPases similarly. Furthermore, bis-phenol was able to mobilize Ca(2+) in cells that had been pre-treated with thapsigargin. Therefore we conclude that given the potency and selectivity of bis-phenol it may prove a valuable tool in further understanding the role of SPCA in cellular processes.

Bibliographic note

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-9
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2012