Bioinformatics and computational approaches for analyzing patient-derived disease models in cancer research

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Patient-derived organoids (PDO) and patient-derived xenografts (PDX) continue to emerge as important preclinical platforms for investigations into the molecular landscape of cancer. While the advantages and disadvantage of these models have been described in detail, this review focuses in particular on the bioinformatics and state-of-the art techniques that accompany preclinical model development. We discuss the strength and limitations of currently used technologies, particularly 'omics profiling and bioinformatics analyses, in addressing the 'efficacy' of preclinical models, both for tumour characterization as well as their use in identifying potential therapeutics. We select pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) as a case study to highlight the state of the art of the field, and address new avenues for improved bioinformatics characterization of preclinical models.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-380
Number of pages6
JournalComputational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • xenograft, organoid, disease model, bioinformatics, computational biology