Bilingualism enhances reported perspective taking in men, but not in women

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Bilingualism enhances reported perspective taking in men, but not in women. / Tarighat, Samaneh; Krott, Andrea.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 12, 679524, 17.05.2021.

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@article{d0658f3553374aada9985504e910c887,
title = "Bilingualism enhances reported perspective taking in men, but not in women",
abstract = "Bilingual speakers have often been found to be superior in taking the perspective of another person. Also, females are commonly found to have enhanced perspective taking (PT) abilities compared with males, with male PT being generally more easily affected by external factors. The present study investigated whether bilingualism improves PT in males more strongly than in females. In total, 108 bilingual and 108 matched monolingual adults, with equal numbers of males and females, filled in the PT subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity index. While monolinguals showed the typical result of females scoring higher on PT than males, scores of male and female bilinguals did not differ, with both bilingual groups scoring as high as female monolinguals. Thus, bilingualism enhanced self-reported PT only in males, suggesting that male PT can be enhanced through socialization.",
keywords = "bilingualism, perspective taking, gender differences, Theory of mind, empathy",
author = "Samaneh Tarighat and Andrea Krott",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2021 Tarighat and Krott.",
year = "2021",
month = may,
day = "17",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679524",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bilingualism enhances reported perspective taking in men, but not in women

AU - Tarighat, Samaneh

AU - Krott, Andrea

N1 - Copyright © 2021 Tarighat and Krott.

PY - 2021/5/17

Y1 - 2021/5/17

N2 - Bilingual speakers have often been found to be superior in taking the perspective of another person. Also, females are commonly found to have enhanced perspective taking (PT) abilities compared with males, with male PT being generally more easily affected by external factors. The present study investigated whether bilingualism improves PT in males more strongly than in females. In total, 108 bilingual and 108 matched monolingual adults, with equal numbers of males and females, filled in the PT subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity index. While monolinguals showed the typical result of females scoring higher on PT than males, scores of male and female bilinguals did not differ, with both bilingual groups scoring as high as female monolinguals. Thus, bilingualism enhanced self-reported PT only in males, suggesting that male PT can be enhanced through socialization.

AB - Bilingual speakers have often been found to be superior in taking the perspective of another person. Also, females are commonly found to have enhanced perspective taking (PT) abilities compared with males, with male PT being generally more easily affected by external factors. The present study investigated whether bilingualism improves PT in males more strongly than in females. In total, 108 bilingual and 108 matched monolingual adults, with equal numbers of males and females, filled in the PT subscale of the Interpersonal Reactivity index. While monolinguals showed the typical result of females scoring higher on PT than males, scores of male and female bilinguals did not differ, with both bilingual groups scoring as high as female monolinguals. Thus, bilingualism enhanced self-reported PT only in males, suggesting that male PT can be enhanced through socialization.

KW - bilingualism

KW - perspective taking

KW - gender differences

KW - Theory of mind

KW - empathy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85107030543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679524

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.679524

M3 - Article

C2 - 34079504

VL - 12

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 679524

ER -