Beyond the Atlantic paradigm: slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel

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Beyond the Atlantic paradigm : slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel. / Rossi, Benedetta.

In: Journal of Global Slavery, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.07.2020, p. 238–269.

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@article{7e30ca5fd687409e8597c7e4539094c2,
title = "Beyond the Atlantic paradigm: slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel",
abstract = "This article investigates the causes of the resilience of slavery in the region of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger in the West African Sahel. It attributes slavery{\textquoteright}s lingering vitality to the semi-autonomous evolution of slavery and abolitionism in this region. It illustrates the historical processes through which, following colonial legal abolition, slavery in Tahoua started being challenged, but not effectively eradicated. The article shows that slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel are rooted in different historical processes and discursive genealogies than those that led to the development of colonial abolitionism and international law on slavery and trafficking. It advocates appropriate historical contextualization of slavery-related phenomena in regions where European abolitionism was initially tied to imperialism. In such regions different groups engaged critically with European attitudes toward local slavery. Following decolonization, the rise of Nigerien abolitionist movements was informed both by integration in international humanitarian networks and by engagement with the specific forms of slavery prevalent in local society. ",
keywords = "slavery, abolition, emancipation, Niger, Tahoua, Sahel, dependence, resistance, Atlantic slavery",
author = "Benedetta Rossi",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1163/2405836X-00502005",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "238–269",
journal = "Journal of Global Slavery",
issn = "2405-8351",
publisher = "Brill",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Beyond the Atlantic paradigm

T2 - slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel

AU - Rossi, Benedetta

PY - 2020/7/1

Y1 - 2020/7/1

N2 - This article investigates the causes of the resilience of slavery in the region of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger in the West African Sahel. It attributes slavery’s lingering vitality to the semi-autonomous evolution of slavery and abolitionism in this region. It illustrates the historical processes through which, following colonial legal abolition, slavery in Tahoua started being challenged, but not effectively eradicated. The article shows that slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel are rooted in different historical processes and discursive genealogies than those that led to the development of colonial abolitionism and international law on slavery and trafficking. It advocates appropriate historical contextualization of slavery-related phenomena in regions where European abolitionism was initially tied to imperialism. In such regions different groups engaged critically with European attitudes toward local slavery. Following decolonization, the rise of Nigerien abolitionist movements was informed both by integration in international humanitarian networks and by engagement with the specific forms of slavery prevalent in local society.

AB - This article investigates the causes of the resilience of slavery in the region of Tahoua in the Republic of Niger in the West African Sahel. It attributes slavery’s lingering vitality to the semi-autonomous evolution of slavery and abolitionism in this region. It illustrates the historical processes through which, following colonial legal abolition, slavery in Tahoua started being challenged, but not effectively eradicated. The article shows that slavery and abolitionism in the Nigerien Sahel are rooted in different historical processes and discursive genealogies than those that led to the development of colonial abolitionism and international law on slavery and trafficking. It advocates appropriate historical contextualization of slavery-related phenomena in regions where European abolitionism was initially tied to imperialism. In such regions different groups engaged critically with European attitudes toward local slavery. Following decolonization, the rise of Nigerien abolitionist movements was informed both by integration in international humanitarian networks and by engagement with the specific forms of slavery prevalent in local society.

KW - slavery

KW - abolition

KW - emancipation

KW - Niger

KW - Tahoua

KW - Sahel

KW - dependence

KW - resistance

KW - Atlantic slavery

U2 - 10.1163/2405836X-00502005

DO - 10.1163/2405836X-00502005

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 238

EP - 269

JO - Journal of Global Slavery

JF - Journal of Global Slavery

SN - 2405-8351

IS - 2

ER -