Between 'National Community' and 'Milieu': German Catholics at War, 1939-1945

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Between 'National Community' and 'Milieu': German Catholics at War, 1939-1945. / Brodie, Thomas.

In: Contemporary European History, Vol. 26, No. 3, 08.2017, p. 421-440.

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@article{c4df062e9f9f450cb741a06791065534,
title = "Between 'National Community' and 'Milieu':: German Catholics at War, 1939-1945",
abstract = "This article examines German Catholics’ sense of community and identity during the Second World War. It analyses how far they were able to reconcile their religious faith with support for Nazism and the German war effort and questions the extent to which Catholicism in the Rhineland and Westphalia represented either a sealed confessional subculture or a homogenising Nazified ‘national community’ (Volksgemeinschaft). The article argues that, in their pure forms, neither of these analytical paradigms accounts for the complexities of German Catholics’ attitudes during this period, which were far more contested and diverse than outlined by much existing historiography. Religious socialisation, Nazi propaganda and older nationalist traditions shaped Catholics’ mentalities during the Third Reich, creating a spectrum of opinion concerning the appropriate relationship between these influences and loyalties. At the level of lived experience, Catholics’ memberships of religious and national communities revealed themselves to be highly compatible, a tendency which in turn exerted a restraining influence on church–state conflict in wartime Germany.",
author = "Thomas Brodie",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1017/S0960777317000169",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "421--440",
journal = "Contemporary European History",
issn = "0960-7773",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Between 'National Community' and 'Milieu':

T2 - German Catholics at War, 1939-1945

AU - Brodie, Thomas

PY - 2017/8

Y1 - 2017/8

N2 - This article examines German Catholics’ sense of community and identity during the Second World War. It analyses how far they were able to reconcile their religious faith with support for Nazism and the German war effort and questions the extent to which Catholicism in the Rhineland and Westphalia represented either a sealed confessional subculture or a homogenising Nazified ‘national community’ (Volksgemeinschaft). The article argues that, in their pure forms, neither of these analytical paradigms accounts for the complexities of German Catholics’ attitudes during this period, which were far more contested and diverse than outlined by much existing historiography. Religious socialisation, Nazi propaganda and older nationalist traditions shaped Catholics’ mentalities during the Third Reich, creating a spectrum of opinion concerning the appropriate relationship between these influences and loyalties. At the level of lived experience, Catholics’ memberships of religious and national communities revealed themselves to be highly compatible, a tendency which in turn exerted a restraining influence on church–state conflict in wartime Germany.

AB - This article examines German Catholics’ sense of community and identity during the Second World War. It analyses how far they were able to reconcile their religious faith with support for Nazism and the German war effort and questions the extent to which Catholicism in the Rhineland and Westphalia represented either a sealed confessional subculture or a homogenising Nazified ‘national community’ (Volksgemeinschaft). The article argues that, in their pure forms, neither of these analytical paradigms accounts for the complexities of German Catholics’ attitudes during this period, which were far more contested and diverse than outlined by much existing historiography. Religious socialisation, Nazi propaganda and older nationalist traditions shaped Catholics’ mentalities during the Third Reich, creating a spectrum of opinion concerning the appropriate relationship between these influences and loyalties. At the level of lived experience, Catholics’ memberships of religious and national communities revealed themselves to be highly compatible, a tendency which in turn exerted a restraining influence on church–state conflict in wartime Germany.

UR - https://ora.ox.ac.uk/objects/uuid:588b38dc-88ee-4060-a8c7-acf067ecdd9b

U2 - 10.1017/S0960777317000169

DO - 10.1017/S0960777317000169

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 421

EP - 440

JO - Contemporary European History

JF - Contemporary European History

SN - 0960-7773

IS - 3

ER -