Bacterial adhesion mechanisms on dental implant surfaces and the influencing factors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Aifang Han
  • James K.h. Tsoi
  • Flávia Pires Rodrigues
  • Julian G. Leprince
  • William Palin

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Bacterial adhesion on dental implants may cause peri-implant disease including peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis may lead to bone resorption and eventually loss of the implant. Therefore, the factors which influence bacterial adhesion are critical and revealed by many studies. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current knowledge of factors influencing the bacteria adhesion, including local factors of implant surface topography, abutment, cement and oral environment factors of saliva and protein. In addition, the corresponding strategies of surface modifications, coatings and challenges for implant materials as prevention and treatment approaches for bacteria adhesion on implant will also be discussed. We expect to give an overall picture of the bacteria adhesion on implant, and provide future perspectives, such as laser therapy, photocatalysis, plasma and bioelectric effect to inspire researchers to explore on this issue.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
Early online date20 Mar 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Dental implant, Bacterial adhesion, Peri-implantitis, Surface, Dental materials