Autonomy support, needs satisfaction, motivation and well-being in competitive athletes: A test of the self-determination theory

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  • University of Valencia


A model of the hypothesized motivational sequence among the autonomy support, basic needs, self determined motivation, self-esteem and life satisfaction was tested on the basis of the self-determination theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2000). A multi-part questionnaire was administered to 301 athletes (171 females, 130 females; M Age = 24.1 + 4,7 years) who participated in a variety of sports. The robust method structural equation modelling analysis using maximum likelihood (LISREL 8.54) showed that athletes' perceptions of autonomy support from coaches predicted their satisfaction of the needs for autonomy and relatedness. These needs, along with perceived competence, predicted self-determined motivation, which in turn corresponded to greater self esteem and life satisfaction.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-139
JournalRevista de Psicologia Del Deporte
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2008


  • well-being, coach, motivation, sport, psychometric properties, extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, life scale, happiness, behavior, climate, model