Autoimmune liver disease: evaluating overlapping and cross-over presentations—a case-based discussion

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes


The three classic autoimmune liver diseases are recognised based on identifying varying clinical, laboratory, histological and radiological features that collectively classify patients. In the absence of defined aetiological factors, it is recognised that disease spectrum is broad, and, in this context, it is not infrequent for disease boundaries to be blurred, leading to overlapping features that may be present at the time of diagnosis or may appear later in the course of disease. Given the absence of accepted diagnostic criteria for overlap/cross-over syndromes, alongside weak data for intervention, it is recommended that a multidisciplinary, patient-specific approach be used to establish individual treatment pathways.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-245
JournalFrontline Gastroenterology
Issue number4
Early online date8 Sep 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016