Atypical basic movement kinematics in autism spectrum conditions

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Atypical basic movement kinematics in autism spectrum conditions. / Cook, Jennifer L; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne; Press, Clare.

In: Brain, Vol. 136, No. Pt 9, 09.2013, p. 2816-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Cook, Jennifer L ; Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne ; Press, Clare. / Atypical basic movement kinematics in autism spectrum conditions. In: Brain. 2013 ; Vol. 136, No. Pt 9. pp. 2816-24.

Bibtex

@article{c9282959196f46328ccef1ea2c48617a,
title = "Atypical basic movement kinematics in autism spectrum conditions",
abstract = "Individuals with autism spectrum conditions have difficulties in understanding and responding appropriately to others. Additionally, they demonstrate impaired perception of biological motion and problems with motor control. Here we investigated whether individuals with autism move with an atypical kinematic profile, which might help to explain perceptual and motor impairments, and in principle may contribute to some of their higher level social problems. We recorded trajectory, velocity, acceleration and jerk while adult participants with autism and a matched control group conducted horizontal sinusoidal arm movements. Additionally, participants with autism took part in a biological motion perception task in which they classified observed movements as 'natural' or 'unnatural'. Results show that individuals with autism moved with atypical kinematics; they did not minimize jerk to the same extent as the matched typical control group, and moved with greater acceleration and velocity. The degree to which kinematics were atypical was correlated with a bias towards perceiving biological motion as 'unnatural' and with the severity of autism symptoms as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. We suggest that fundamental differences in movement kinematics in autism might help to explain their problems with motor control. Additionally, developmental experience of their own atypical kinematic profiles may lead to disrupted perception of others' actions.",
keywords = "Adult, Analysis of Variance, Autistic Disorder, Bias (Epidemiology), Biomechanical Phenomena, Female, Functional Laterality, Humans, Judgment, Male, Middle Aged, Motion Perception, Perceptual Disorders, Photic Stimulation, Psychomotor Performance, Time Factors",
author = "Cook, {Jennifer L} and Sarah-Jayne Blakemore and Clare Press",
year = "2013",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1093/brain/awt208",
language = "English",
volume = "136",
pages = "2816--24",
journal = "Brain",
issn = "0006-8950",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "Pt 9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Atypical basic movement kinematics in autism spectrum conditions

AU - Cook, Jennifer L

AU - Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne

AU - Press, Clare

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - Individuals with autism spectrum conditions have difficulties in understanding and responding appropriately to others. Additionally, they demonstrate impaired perception of biological motion and problems with motor control. Here we investigated whether individuals with autism move with an atypical kinematic profile, which might help to explain perceptual and motor impairments, and in principle may contribute to some of their higher level social problems. We recorded trajectory, velocity, acceleration and jerk while adult participants with autism and a matched control group conducted horizontal sinusoidal arm movements. Additionally, participants with autism took part in a biological motion perception task in which they classified observed movements as 'natural' or 'unnatural'. Results show that individuals with autism moved with atypical kinematics; they did not minimize jerk to the same extent as the matched typical control group, and moved with greater acceleration and velocity. The degree to which kinematics were atypical was correlated with a bias towards perceiving biological motion as 'unnatural' and with the severity of autism symptoms as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. We suggest that fundamental differences in movement kinematics in autism might help to explain their problems with motor control. Additionally, developmental experience of their own atypical kinematic profiles may lead to disrupted perception of others' actions.

AB - Individuals with autism spectrum conditions have difficulties in understanding and responding appropriately to others. Additionally, they demonstrate impaired perception of biological motion and problems with motor control. Here we investigated whether individuals with autism move with an atypical kinematic profile, which might help to explain perceptual and motor impairments, and in principle may contribute to some of their higher level social problems. We recorded trajectory, velocity, acceleration and jerk while adult participants with autism and a matched control group conducted horizontal sinusoidal arm movements. Additionally, participants with autism took part in a biological motion perception task in which they classified observed movements as 'natural' or 'unnatural'. Results show that individuals with autism moved with atypical kinematics; they did not minimize jerk to the same extent as the matched typical control group, and moved with greater acceleration and velocity. The degree to which kinematics were atypical was correlated with a bias towards perceiving biological motion as 'unnatural' and with the severity of autism symptoms as measured by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule. We suggest that fundamental differences in movement kinematics in autism might help to explain their problems with motor control. Additionally, developmental experience of their own atypical kinematic profiles may lead to disrupted perception of others' actions.

KW - Adult

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Autistic Disorder

KW - Bias (Epidemiology)

KW - Biomechanical Phenomena

KW - Female

KW - Functional Laterality

KW - Humans

KW - Judgment

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Motion Perception

KW - Perceptual Disorders

KW - Photic Stimulation

KW - Psychomotor Performance

KW - Time Factors

U2 - 10.1093/brain/awt208

DO - 10.1093/brain/awt208

M3 - Article

C2 - 23983031

VL - 136

SP - 2816

EP - 2824

JO - Brain

JF - Brain

SN - 0006-8950

IS - Pt 9

ER -