Atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia: systematic overview and meta-regression analysis

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence base for recommendations on the use of atypical antipsychotics for patients with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Systematic overview and meta-regression analyses of randomised controlled trials, as a basis for formal development of guidelines. SUBJECTS: 12 649 patients in 52 randomised trials comparing atypical antipsychotics (amisulpride, clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, and sertindole) with conventional antipsychotics (usually haloperidol or chlorpromazine) or alternative atypical antipsychotics. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Overall symptom scores. Rate of drop out (as a proxy for tolerability) and of side effects, notably extrapyramidal side effects. RESULTS: For both symptom reduction and drop out, there was substantial heterogeneity between the results of trials, including those evaluating the same atypical antipsychotic and comparator drugs. Meta-regression suggested that dose of conventional antipsychotic explained the heterogeneity. When the dose was

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-6
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Medical Journal
Volume321
Issue number7273
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2000