Attentional functions in children and adolescents with ADHD, depressive disorders, and the comorbid condition

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Background: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depressive disorders (DDs) often co-occur in children and adolescents, but evidence on the respective influence of these disorders on attention parameters is inconsistent. This study examines the influence of DDs on ADHD in a model-oriented approach that includes selectivity and intensity attention parameters. Methods: Ten- to fifteen-year-olds with ADHD (n = 63), DDs (n = 61), ADHD+DDs (n = 64), and healthy controls (n = 64) completed a battery of tests including five neuropsychological tasks (i.e., alertness, sustained attention, divided attention, go/no-go, and attentional set-shifting). Results: All clinical groups showed attentional problems, especially in more complex attentional tasks and in the intensity aspects of attention. We observed the most severe attentional impairments in children with ADHD that was independent from a comorbid DD. Conclusion: The clinical groups were significantly different from the healthy control group, especially in more complex attentional tasks and in the intensity aspects of attention. Some differences between ADHD, DDs and ADHD+DDs groups were detected on neuropsychological attentional performance, but the effects were not strong enough to differentiate the clinical groups from each other.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-331
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Volume52
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011