Atmospheric extinction coefficients in the Ic band for several major international observatories: Results from the BiSON telescopes, 1984 to 2016

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Over 30 years of solar data have been acquired by the Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON), an international network of telescopes used to study oscillations of the Sun. Five of the six BiSON telescopes are located at major observatories. The observational sites are, in order of increasing longitude: Mount Wilson (Hale) Observatory (MWO), California, USA; Las Campanas Observatory, Chile; Observatorio del Teide, Izaña, Tenerife, Canary Islands; the South African Astronomical Observatory, Sutherland, South Africa; Carnarvon, Western Australia; and the Paul Wild Observatory, Narrabri, New South Wales, Australia. The BiSON data may be used to measure atmospheric extinction coefficients in the Ic band (approximately 700–900 nm), and presented here are the derived atmospheric extinction coefficients from each site over the years 1984–2016.


Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
JournalThe Astronomical Journal
Issue number89
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2017


  • atmospheric extinction, Sun: helioseismology, Sun: oscillations