Associations of body mass index, physical activity and sedentary time with blood pressure in primary school children from south-west England: a prospective study

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Associations of body mass index, physical activity and sedentary time with blood pressure in primary school children from south-west England : a prospective study. / Solomon-Moore, Emma; Salway, Ruth; Emm-Collison, Lydia; Thompson, Janice; Sebire, Simon J; Lawlor, Deborah A; Jago, Russell.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 15, No. 4, e0232333, 29.04.2020.

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Solomon-Moore, Emma ; Salway, Ruth ; Emm-Collison, Lydia ; Thompson, Janice ; Sebire, Simon J ; Lawlor, Deborah A ; Jago, Russell. / Associations of body mass index, physical activity and sedentary time with blood pressure in primary school children from south-west England : a prospective study. In: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Vol. 15, No. 4.

Bibtex

@article{f80dbb93ccdf469a90ad3421892a8892,
title = "Associations of body mass index, physical activity and sedentary time with blood pressure in primary school children from south-west England: a prospective study",
abstract = "Elevated blood pressure in children is a significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We examined how children{\textquoteright}s body mass index (BMI), physical activity and sedentary time at ages 9 and 11 are associated with blood pressure at age 11. Data were from 1283 children from Bristol, UK, who participated in the study aged 11 years, 797 of whom also participated in the study aged 9 years. Child height, weight and blood pressure were measured, and children wore accelerometers for five days, from which moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity and sedentary minutes per day were derived. Multiple imputation of missing data and adjusted linear and logistic regression models were used to examine associations. Child BMI at 11 years was cross-sectionally associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mean difference [95% confidence interval]: 0.91 [0.32 to 1.50] mm Hg and 1.08 [0.54 to 1.62] mm Hg, respectively, per standard deviation (SD) of BMI). BMI at age 9 was also positively associated with diastolic blood pressure at age 11 (1.16 mmHg per two years [0.49 to 1.84], per SD of BMI). For girls, sedentary time at age 9 years was associated with increased odds of having high systolic blood pressure at age 11 (odds ratio: 1.08 [1.01 to 1.16], per 10 minutes per day). There was no evidence of associations between sedentary time and blood pressure among boys. Similarly, there was little evidence that physical activity was associated with blood pressure in either cross-sectional or prospective analyses. Effective strategies are needed to prevent excess bodyweight among children in order to reduce cardiovascular disease risk.",
author = "Emma Solomon-Moore and Ruth Salway and Lydia Emm-Collison and Janice Thompson and Sebire, {Simon J} and Lawlor, {Deborah A} and Russell Jago",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "29",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0232333",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "PLoSONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science (PLOS)",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Associations of body mass index, physical activity and sedentary time with blood pressure in primary school children from south-west England

T2 - a prospective study

AU - Solomon-Moore, Emma

AU - Salway, Ruth

AU - Emm-Collison, Lydia

AU - Thompson, Janice

AU - Sebire, Simon J

AU - Lawlor, Deborah A

AU - Jago, Russell

PY - 2020/4/29

Y1 - 2020/4/29

N2 - Elevated blood pressure in children is a significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We examined how children’s body mass index (BMI), physical activity and sedentary time at ages 9 and 11 are associated with blood pressure at age 11. Data were from 1283 children from Bristol, UK, who participated in the study aged 11 years, 797 of whom also participated in the study aged 9 years. Child height, weight and blood pressure were measured, and children wore accelerometers for five days, from which moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity and sedentary minutes per day were derived. Multiple imputation of missing data and adjusted linear and logistic regression models were used to examine associations. Child BMI at 11 years was cross-sectionally associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mean difference [95% confidence interval]: 0.91 [0.32 to 1.50] mm Hg and 1.08 [0.54 to 1.62] mm Hg, respectively, per standard deviation (SD) of BMI). BMI at age 9 was also positively associated with diastolic blood pressure at age 11 (1.16 mmHg per two years [0.49 to 1.84], per SD of BMI). For girls, sedentary time at age 9 years was associated with increased odds of having high systolic blood pressure at age 11 (odds ratio: 1.08 [1.01 to 1.16], per 10 minutes per day). There was no evidence of associations between sedentary time and blood pressure among boys. Similarly, there was little evidence that physical activity was associated with blood pressure in either cross-sectional or prospective analyses. Effective strategies are needed to prevent excess bodyweight among children in order to reduce cardiovascular disease risk.

AB - Elevated blood pressure in children is a significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. We examined how children’s body mass index (BMI), physical activity and sedentary time at ages 9 and 11 are associated with blood pressure at age 11. Data were from 1283 children from Bristol, UK, who participated in the study aged 11 years, 797 of whom also participated in the study aged 9 years. Child height, weight and blood pressure were measured, and children wore accelerometers for five days, from which moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity and sedentary minutes per day were derived. Multiple imputation of missing data and adjusted linear and logistic regression models were used to examine associations. Child BMI at 11 years was cross-sectionally associated with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure (mean difference [95% confidence interval]: 0.91 [0.32 to 1.50] mm Hg and 1.08 [0.54 to 1.62] mm Hg, respectively, per standard deviation (SD) of BMI). BMI at age 9 was also positively associated with diastolic blood pressure at age 11 (1.16 mmHg per two years [0.49 to 1.84], per SD of BMI). For girls, sedentary time at age 9 years was associated with increased odds of having high systolic blood pressure at age 11 (odds ratio: 1.08 [1.01 to 1.16], per 10 minutes per day). There was no evidence of associations between sedentary time and blood pressure among boys. Similarly, there was little evidence that physical activity was associated with blood pressure in either cross-sectional or prospective analyses. Effective strategies are needed to prevent excess bodyweight among children in order to reduce cardiovascular disease risk.

UR - https://journals.plos.org/plosone/

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0232333

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0232333

M3 - Article

VL - 15

JO - PLoSONE

JF - PLoSONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

M1 - e0232333

ER -