Association of volunteering with mental well-being: a lifecourse analysis of a national population-based longitudinal study in the UK

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Association of volunteering with mental well-being : a lifecourse analysis of a national population-based longitudinal study in the UK. / Mohan, John; Smith, Peter; Tabassum, Faisa.

In: BMJ open, 08.08.2016.

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@article{6f29390ec2254ebea4ae6bba9a83adbd,
title = "Association of volunteering with mental well-being: a lifecourse analysis of a national population-based longitudinal study in the UK",
abstract = "Objectives The association of volunteering with well-being has been found in previous research, but mostly among older people. The aim of this study was to examine the association of volunteering with mental well-being among the British population across the life course.Design British Household Panel Survey, a population-based longitudinal study.Setting UK.Participants 66 343 observations (person-years).Main outcome measures Mental well-being was measured by using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 or GHQ); high values denote high mental disorder. Four groups of volunteering participation were created: frequent (once a week), infrequent (once a month/several times a year), rare (once or less a year) and never. Multilevel linear models were used to analyse variations in mental well-being over the life course by levels of volunteering.Results When not considering age, those who engaged in volunteering regularly appeared to experience higher levels of mental well-being than those who never volunteered. To explore the association of volunteering with the GHQ across the life course, interaction terms were fitted between age and volunteering. The interactions were significant, demonstrating that these associations vary by age. The association between volunteering and well-being did not emerge during early adulthood to mid-adulthood, instead becoming apparent above the age of 40 years and continuing up to old age. Moreover, in early adulthood, the absence of engagement in voluntary activity was not related to mental well-being, but GHQ scores for this group increased sharply with age, levelling off after the age of 40 and then increasing again above the age of 70 years. The study also indicates variation in GHQ scores (65%) within individuals across time, suggesting evidence of lifecourse effects.Conclusions We conclude that volunteering may be more meaningful for mental well-being at some points of time in the life course.",
keywords = "volunteering, GHQ-12 , Longitudinal study, multilevel models , Britain",
author = "John Mohan and Peter Smith and Faisa Tabassum",
year = "2016",
month = aug
day = "8",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011327",
language = "English",
journal = "BMJ open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of volunteering with mental well-being

T2 - a lifecourse analysis of a national population-based longitudinal study in the UK

AU - Mohan, John

AU - Smith, Peter

AU - Tabassum, Faisa

PY - 2016/8/8

Y1 - 2016/8/8

N2 - Objectives The association of volunteering with well-being has been found in previous research, but mostly among older people. The aim of this study was to examine the association of volunteering with mental well-being among the British population across the life course.Design British Household Panel Survey, a population-based longitudinal study.Setting UK.Participants 66 343 observations (person-years).Main outcome measures Mental well-being was measured by using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 or GHQ); high values denote high mental disorder. Four groups of volunteering participation were created: frequent (once a week), infrequent (once a month/several times a year), rare (once or less a year) and never. Multilevel linear models were used to analyse variations in mental well-being over the life course by levels of volunteering.Results When not considering age, those who engaged in volunteering regularly appeared to experience higher levels of mental well-being than those who never volunteered. To explore the association of volunteering with the GHQ across the life course, interaction terms were fitted between age and volunteering. The interactions were significant, demonstrating that these associations vary by age. The association between volunteering and well-being did not emerge during early adulthood to mid-adulthood, instead becoming apparent above the age of 40 years and continuing up to old age. Moreover, in early adulthood, the absence of engagement in voluntary activity was not related to mental well-being, but GHQ scores for this group increased sharply with age, levelling off after the age of 40 and then increasing again above the age of 70 years. The study also indicates variation in GHQ scores (65%) within individuals across time, suggesting evidence of lifecourse effects.Conclusions We conclude that volunteering may be more meaningful for mental well-being at some points of time in the life course.

AB - Objectives The association of volunteering with well-being has been found in previous research, but mostly among older people. The aim of this study was to examine the association of volunteering with mental well-being among the British population across the life course.Design British Household Panel Survey, a population-based longitudinal study.Setting UK.Participants 66 343 observations (person-years).Main outcome measures Mental well-being was measured by using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 or GHQ); high values denote high mental disorder. Four groups of volunteering participation were created: frequent (once a week), infrequent (once a month/several times a year), rare (once or less a year) and never. Multilevel linear models were used to analyse variations in mental well-being over the life course by levels of volunteering.Results When not considering age, those who engaged in volunteering regularly appeared to experience higher levels of mental well-being than those who never volunteered. To explore the association of volunteering with the GHQ across the life course, interaction terms were fitted between age and volunteering. The interactions were significant, demonstrating that these associations vary by age. The association between volunteering and well-being did not emerge during early adulthood to mid-adulthood, instead becoming apparent above the age of 40 years and continuing up to old age. Moreover, in early adulthood, the absence of engagement in voluntary activity was not related to mental well-being, but GHQ scores for this group increased sharply with age, levelling off after the age of 40 and then increasing again above the age of 70 years. The study also indicates variation in GHQ scores (65%) within individuals across time, suggesting evidence of lifecourse effects.Conclusions We conclude that volunteering may be more meaningful for mental well-being at some points of time in the life course.

KW - volunteering

KW - GHQ-12

KW - Longitudinal study

KW - multilevel models

KW - Britain

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011327

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011327

M3 - Article

JO - BMJ open

JF - BMJ open

SN - 2044-6055

ER -