Association of T-Zone Reticular Networks and Conduits with Ectopic Lymphoid Tissues in Mice and Humans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • A Link
  • S Favre
  • MR Britschgi
  • M Sixt
  • JG Cyster
  • SA Luther

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Ectopic or tertiary lymphoid tissues (TLTs) are often induced at sites of chronic inflammation. They typically contain various hematopoietic cell types, high endothelial venules, and follicular dendritic cells; and are organized in lymph node-like structures. Although fibroblastic stromal cells may play a role in UT induction and persistence, they have remained poorly defined. Herein, we report that TLTs arising during inflammation in mice and humans in a variety of tissues (eg, pancreas, kidney, liver, and salivary gland) contain stromal cell networks consisting of podoplanin(+) T-zone fibroblastic reticular cells (TRCs), distinct from follicular dendritic cells. Similar to lymph nodes, TRCs were present throughout T-cell-rich areas and had dentritic cells associated with them. They expressed lymphotoxin (LT) beta receptor (LT beta R), produced CCL21, and formed a functional conduit system. In rat insulin promoter-CXCL13-transgenic pancreas, the maintenance of TRC networks and conduits was partially dependent on LT beta R and on lymphoid tissue inducer cells expressing LT beta R ligands. In conclusion, TRCs and conduits are hallmarks of secondary lymphoid organs and of well-developed TLTs, in both mice and humans, and are likely to act as important scaffold and organizer cells of the T-cell-rich zone. (Am J Pathol 2011, 178:1662-1675; DOI: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2010.12.039)

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1662-1675
Number of pages14
JournalThe American Journal of Pathology
Volume178
Issue number4
Early online date22 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011