Assessment of thrombotic risk during long-term treatment of immune thrombocytopenia with fostamatinib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • NIchola Cooper
  • Ivy Altomare
  • Vadim Markovtsov
  • Leslie K Todd
  • Esteban Masuda
  • James B Bussel

Abstract

Background: Patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) are at risk of bleeding and, paradoxically, thromboembolic events (TEEs), irrespective of thrombocytopenia. The risk of thrombosis is increased by advanced age, obesity, and prothrombotic comorbidities: cancer, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and chronic kidney disease, among others. Certain ITP treatments further increase the risk of TEE, especially splenectomy and thrombopoietin receptor agonists. Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is a key signaling molecule common to thromboembolic and hemostatic (in addition to inflammatory) pathways. Fostamatinib is an orally administered SYK inhibitor approved in the USA and Europe for treatment of chronic ITP in adults.

Methods: The phase III and extension studies included heavily pretreated patients with long-standing ITP, many of whom had risk factors for thrombosis prior to initiating fostamatinib. This report describes long-term safety and efficacy of fostamatinib in 146 patients with up to 5 years of treatment, a total of 229 patient-years, and assesses the incidence of thromboembolic events (by standardized MedDRA query).

Results: Platelet counts ⩾50,000/µL were achieved in 54% of patients and the safety profile was as described in the phase III clinical studies with no new toxicities observed over the 5 years of follow-up. The only TEE occurred in one patient (0.7%, or 0.44/100 patient-years), who experienced a mild transient ischemic attack. This is a much lower rate than might be expected in ITP patients.

Conclusion: This report demonstrates durable efficacy and a very low incidence of TEE in patients receiving long-term treatment of ITP with the SYK inhibitor fostamatinib.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number20406207211010875
Number of pages12
JournalTherapeutic Advances in Hematology
Volume12
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • arterial thrombosis, disorders of platelet function, immune thrombocytopenic, purpura, platelets, venous thrombosis

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