Assessment of the cerebral pressure-flow relationship using psychological stress to manipulate blood pressure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

External organisations

  • Department of Psychiatry; School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Pittsburgh Pennsylvania USA
  • Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Baylor University, Waco, Texas.

Abstract

Recent evidence indicates that cerebral autoregulation (CA) might be more pressure passive than previously thought. That is, cerebral blood flow, traditionally thought to be regulated independently of prevailing mean arterial pressure (MAP), might fluctuate, to some extent, as a function of MAP. However, due to limitations associated with experimental usage of pharmaceuticals to manipulate MAP and inconsistent control of arterial carbon dioxide, questions remain regarding the MAP-cerebral blood flow relationship, especially during typical daily activities that alter MAP. Therefore, the current study aimed to assess CA using a nonpharmacological acute psychological stress task to augment MAP, while at the same time controlling for end-tidal carbon dioxide (PET CO2 ). Twenty-five healthy young adults completed a stressful task while continuous measures of MAP, middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity (MCAv), and PET CO2 were recorded. Slope values obtained from hierarchical linear regression were used to assess the strength of the MAP-MCAv relationship and control for PET CO2 . The stress task significantly increased MAP (p < 0.001) and MCAv (p < 0.001), and decreased PET CO2 (p = 0.05). For every 10 mmHg task-induced increase in MAP, MCAv increased by ≈3.5%; task-induced changes in PET CO2 did not appreciably change the MAP-MCAv relationship. Greater task-induced MAP responses were significantly related to decreased MAP-MCAv slope values, consistent with CA. These data support the hypothesis that CA is more pressure passive than previously thought and provide initial evidence indicating that a pressure-passive MAP-MCAv relationship may play a role in the observed associations between MAP stress responses, stroke, and cerebrovascular disease.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13265
Number of pages8
JournalPsychophysiology
Early online date30 Jul 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • blood pressure, cerebral blood flow, stress