Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism

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Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism. / Crompton, Robin Huw; Sellers, William I; Thorpe, Susannah K S.

In: Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences, Vol. 365, No. 1556, 27.10.2010, p. 3301-3314.

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Crompton, Robin Huw ; Sellers, William I ; Thorpe, Susannah K S. / Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism. In: Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 365, No. 1556. pp. 3301-3314.

Bibtex

@article{b67b5b8d388748c2bc80d833e8f5ccbf,
title = "Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism",
abstract = "The full publication of Ardipithecus ramidus has particular importance for the origins of hominin bipedality, and strengthens the growing case for an arboreal origin. Palaeontological techniques however inevitably concentrate on details of fragmentary postcranial bones and can benefit from a whole-animal perspective. This can be provided by field studies of locomotor behaviour, which provide a real-world perspective of adaptive context, against which conclusions drawn from palaeontology and comparative osteology may be assessed and honed. Increasingly sophisticated dynamic modelling techniques, validated against experimental data for living animals, offer a different perspective where evolutionary and virtual ablation experiments, impossible for living mammals, may be run in silico, and these can analyse not only the interactions and behaviour of rigid segments but increasingly the effects of compliance, which are of crucial importance in guiding the evolution of an arboreally derived lineage.",
keywords = "biomechanics, bipedalism, evolution, field studies",
author = "Crompton, {Robin Huw} and Sellers, {William I} and Thorpe, {Susannah K S}",
year = "2010",
month = oct,
day = "27",
doi = "10.1098/rstb.2010.0035",
language = "English",
volume = "365",
pages = "3301--3314",
journal = "Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "1556",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Arboreality, terrestriality and bipedalism

AU - Crompton, Robin Huw

AU - Sellers, William I

AU - Thorpe, Susannah K S

PY - 2010/10/27

Y1 - 2010/10/27

N2 - The full publication of Ardipithecus ramidus has particular importance for the origins of hominin bipedality, and strengthens the growing case for an arboreal origin. Palaeontological techniques however inevitably concentrate on details of fragmentary postcranial bones and can benefit from a whole-animal perspective. This can be provided by field studies of locomotor behaviour, which provide a real-world perspective of adaptive context, against which conclusions drawn from palaeontology and comparative osteology may be assessed and honed. Increasingly sophisticated dynamic modelling techniques, validated against experimental data for living animals, offer a different perspective where evolutionary and virtual ablation experiments, impossible for living mammals, may be run in silico, and these can analyse not only the interactions and behaviour of rigid segments but increasingly the effects of compliance, which are of crucial importance in guiding the evolution of an arboreally derived lineage.

AB - The full publication of Ardipithecus ramidus has particular importance for the origins of hominin bipedality, and strengthens the growing case for an arboreal origin. Palaeontological techniques however inevitably concentrate on details of fragmentary postcranial bones and can benefit from a whole-animal perspective. This can be provided by field studies of locomotor behaviour, which provide a real-world perspective of adaptive context, against which conclusions drawn from palaeontology and comparative osteology may be assessed and honed. Increasingly sophisticated dynamic modelling techniques, validated against experimental data for living animals, offer a different perspective where evolutionary and virtual ablation experiments, impossible for living mammals, may be run in silico, and these can analyse not only the interactions and behaviour of rigid segments but increasingly the effects of compliance, which are of crucial importance in guiding the evolution of an arboreally derived lineage.

KW - biomechanics

KW - bipedalism

KW - evolution

KW - field studies

U2 - 10.1098/rstb.2010.0035

DO - 10.1098/rstb.2010.0035

M3 - Article

C2 - 20855304

VL - 365

SP - 3301

EP - 3314

JO - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

JF - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1556

ER -