Arab-Israeli conflict

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One of the most protracted and intractable disputes of our time, defined along the competing political, religious, territorial, and national claims of two communities over one land. The modern roots of the Arab–Israeli conflict date back to the nineteenth century, following the first waves of Jewish immigration to the land of Palestine, an area which at the time was part of the Ottoman Empire. There are broadly two competing narratives concerning the historical and religious connections to the land: a Jewish–Zionist–Israeli narrative, and a Palestinian–Arab narrative. Questions over “who was there first,” who is the victim and who is the aggressor, and ultimately whose land it is, have been contested ever since by “Old” versus “New” historians, political elites, diasporas, casual observers of the conflict, and of course the communities themselves.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe encyclopedia of diplomacy
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2018


  • Arab-Israeli wars, diplomacy and international relations, diplomatic history, Islam, Judaism