Aqueous humor interleukin-6 levels in uveitis

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Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The level of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the aqueous humor of 24 patients with 2 types of uveitis was measured with a specific bioassay using the murine hybridoma cell line B9. Sixteen patients had Fuchs' heterochromic cyclitis (FHC) and 8 had toxoplasma uveitis (TU). Sixty-three percent of each of the FHC and TU groups had raised levels of IL-6 in their aqueous (mean: 543 and 19,228 units/ml respectively). Thirteen control aqueous samples, obtained at surgery for senile cataract, showed IL-6 levels of less than 10 units/ml. Serum obtained at the same time as each aqueous humor sample also showed IL-6 levels of less than 10 units/ml, indicating that the raised levels of IL-6 found in the aqueous of uveitis patients did not result from serum leakage, but from local production. This is the first report on intraocular IL-6 levels, and indicates that IL-6 may play a role as an inflammatory mediator in uveitis.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-20
Number of pages4
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (IOVS)
Volume31
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1990