Anti-Plasminogen Antibodies Compromise Fibrinolysis and Associate with Renal Histology in ANCA-Associated Vasculitis.
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Antibodies recognizing plasminogen, a key component of the fibrinolytic system, associate with venous thrombotic events in PR3-ANCA vasculitis. Here, we investigated the prevalence and function of anti-plasminogen antibodies in independent UK and Dutch cohorts of patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). We screened Ig isolated from patients (AAV-IgG) and healthy controls by ELISA. Eighteen of 74 (24%) UK and 10/38 (26%) Dutch patients with AAV had anti-plasminogen antibodies compared with 0/50 and 1/61 (2%) of controls. We detected anti-plasminogen antibodies in both PR3-ANCA- and MPO-ANCA-positive patients. In addition, we identified anti-tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antibodies in 13/74 (18%) patients, and these antibodies were more common among patients with anti-plasminogen antibodies (P = 0.011). Eighteen of 74 AAV-IgG (but no control IgG) retarded fibrinolysis in vitro, and this associated with anti-plasminogen and/or anti-tPA antibody positivity. Only 4/18 AAV-IgG retarded fibrinolysis without harboring these antibodies; dual-positive samples retarded fibrinolysis to the greatest extent. Patients with anti-plasminogen antibodies had significantly higher percentages of glomeruli with fibrinoid necrosis (P <0.05) and cellular crescents (P <0.001) and had more severely reduced renal function than patients without these antibodies. In conclusion, anti-plasminogen and anti-tPA antibodies occur in AAV and associate with functional inhibition of fibrinolysis in vitro. Seropositivity for anti-plasminogen antibodies correlates with hallmark renal histologic lesions and reduced renal function. Conceivably, therapies that enhance fibrinolysis might benefit a subset of AAV patients.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2010|