Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea: Similarities and differences

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea : Similarities and differences. / Abdelwahab, Radwa; Yasir, Muhammad; Godfrey, Rita E; Christie, Gabrielle S; Element, Sarah J; Saville, Faye; Hassan, Ehsan A; Ahmed, Entsar H; Abu-Faddan, Nagla H; Daef, Enas A; Busby, Stephen J W; Browning, Douglas F.

In: Virulence, Vol. 12, No. 1, 12.2021, p. 57-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Abdelwahab, R, Yasir, M, Godfrey, RE, Christie, GS, Element, SJ, Saville, F, Hassan, EA, Ahmed, EH, Abu-Faddan, NH, Daef, EA, Busby, SJW & Browning, DF 2021, 'Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea: Similarities and differences', Virulence, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 57-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/21505594.2020.1859852

APA

Abdelwahab, R., Yasir, M., Godfrey, R. E., Christie, G. S., Element, S. J., Saville, F., Hassan, E. A., Ahmed, E. H., Abu-Faddan, N. H., Daef, E. A., Busby, S. J. W., & Browning, D. F. (2021). Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea: Similarities and differences. Virulence, 12(1), 57-74. https://doi.org/10.1080/21505594.2020.1859852

Vancouver

Author

Abdelwahab, Radwa ; Yasir, Muhammad ; Godfrey, Rita E ; Christie, Gabrielle S ; Element, Sarah J ; Saville, Faye ; Hassan, Ehsan A ; Ahmed, Entsar H ; Abu-Faddan, Nagla H ; Daef, Enas A ; Busby, Stephen J W ; Browning, Douglas F. / Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea : Similarities and differences. In: Virulence. 2021 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 57-74.

Bibtex

@article{f16bfc57ca304008a81046c6d3c6b1ec,
title = "Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea: Similarities and differences",
abstract = "Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a common diarrhoeagenic human pathogen, isolated from patients in both developing and industrialized countries, that is becoming increasingly resistant to many frontline antibiotics. In this study, we screened 50 E. coli strains from children presenting with diarrhea at the outpatients clinic of Assiut University Children's Hospital, Egypt. We show that all of these isolates were resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics and identified two as being typical EAEC strains. Using whole genome sequencing, we determined that both isolates carried, amongst others, blaCTX-M and blaTEM antibiotic resistance genes, as well as many classical EAEC virulence determinants, including the transcriptional regulator, AggR. We demonstrate that the expression of these virulence determinants is dependent on AggR, including aar, which encodes for a repressor of AggR, Aar. Since biofilm formation is the hallmark of EAEC infection, we examined the effect of Aar overexpression on both biofilm formation and AggR-dependent gene expression. We show that whilst Aar has a minimal effect on AggR-dependent transcription it is able to completely disrupt biofilm formation, suggesting that Aar affects these two processes differently. Taken together, our results suggest a model for the induction of virulence gene expression in EAEC that may explain the ubiquity of EAEC in both sick and healthy individuals.",
author = "Radwa Abdelwahab and Muhammad Yasir and Godfrey, {Rita E} and Christie, {Gabrielle S} and Element, {Sarah J} and Faye Saville and Hassan, {Ehsan A} and Ahmed, {Entsar H} and Abu-Faddan, {Nagla H} and Daef, {Enas A} and Busby, {Stephen J W} and Browning, {Douglas F}",
year = "2021",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1080/21505594.2020.1859852",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "57--74",
journal = "Virulence",
issn = "2150-5594",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antimicrobial resistance and gene regulation in Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli from Egyptian children with diarrhoea

T2 - Similarities and differences

AU - Abdelwahab, Radwa

AU - Yasir, Muhammad

AU - Godfrey, Rita E

AU - Christie, Gabrielle S

AU - Element, Sarah J

AU - Saville, Faye

AU - Hassan, Ehsan A

AU - Ahmed, Entsar H

AU - Abu-Faddan, Nagla H

AU - Daef, Enas A

AU - Busby, Stephen J W

AU - Browning, Douglas F

PY - 2021/12

Y1 - 2021/12

N2 - Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a common diarrhoeagenic human pathogen, isolated from patients in both developing and industrialized countries, that is becoming increasingly resistant to many frontline antibiotics. In this study, we screened 50 E. coli strains from children presenting with diarrhea at the outpatients clinic of Assiut University Children's Hospital, Egypt. We show that all of these isolates were resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics and identified two as being typical EAEC strains. Using whole genome sequencing, we determined that both isolates carried, amongst others, blaCTX-M and blaTEM antibiotic resistance genes, as well as many classical EAEC virulence determinants, including the transcriptional regulator, AggR. We demonstrate that the expression of these virulence determinants is dependent on AggR, including aar, which encodes for a repressor of AggR, Aar. Since biofilm formation is the hallmark of EAEC infection, we examined the effect of Aar overexpression on both biofilm formation and AggR-dependent gene expression. We show that whilst Aar has a minimal effect on AggR-dependent transcription it is able to completely disrupt biofilm formation, suggesting that Aar affects these two processes differently. Taken together, our results suggest a model for the induction of virulence gene expression in EAEC that may explain the ubiquity of EAEC in both sick and healthy individuals.

AB - Enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) is a common diarrhoeagenic human pathogen, isolated from patients in both developing and industrialized countries, that is becoming increasingly resistant to many frontline antibiotics. In this study, we screened 50 E. coli strains from children presenting with diarrhea at the outpatients clinic of Assiut University Children's Hospital, Egypt. We show that all of these isolates were resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics and identified two as being typical EAEC strains. Using whole genome sequencing, we determined that both isolates carried, amongst others, blaCTX-M and blaTEM antibiotic resistance genes, as well as many classical EAEC virulence determinants, including the transcriptional regulator, AggR. We demonstrate that the expression of these virulence determinants is dependent on AggR, including aar, which encodes for a repressor of AggR, Aar. Since biofilm formation is the hallmark of EAEC infection, we examined the effect of Aar overexpression on both biofilm formation and AggR-dependent gene expression. We show that whilst Aar has a minimal effect on AggR-dependent transcription it is able to completely disrupt biofilm formation, suggesting that Aar affects these two processes differently. Taken together, our results suggest a model for the induction of virulence gene expression in EAEC that may explain the ubiquity of EAEC in both sick and healthy individuals.

U2 - 10.1080/21505594.2020.1859852

DO - 10.1080/21505594.2020.1859852

M3 - Article

C2 - 33372849

VL - 12

SP - 57

EP - 74

JO - Virulence

JF - Virulence

SN - 2150-5594

IS - 1

ER -