Anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs and reproduction

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


  • M Ostensen
  • M Khamashta
  • M Lockshin
  • A Parke
  • A Brucato
  • H Carp
  • A Doria
  • R Rai
  • P Meroni
  • I Cetin
  • R Derksen
  • W Branch
  • M Motta

Colleges, School and Institutes


Rheumatic diseases in women of childbearing years may necessitate drug treatment during a pregnancy, to control maternal disease activity and to ensure a successful pregnancy outcome. This survey is based on a consensus workshop of international experts discussing effects of anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and biological drugs during pregnancy and lactation. In addition, effects of these drugs on male and female fertility and possible long-term effects on infants exposed to drugs antenatally are discussed where data were available. Recommendations for drug treatment during pregnancy and lactation are given.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-
JournalArthritis Research & Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006