Analyzing lexical emergence in American English online

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  • University of Manchester
  • University of South Carolina


This article introduces a quantitative method for identifying newly emerging word forms in large time-stamped corpora of natural language and then describes an analysis of lexical emergence in American social media using this method, based on a multi-billion- word corpus of Tweets collected between October 2013 and November 2014. In total 29 emerging word forms, which represent various semantic classes, grammatical parts-of- speech and word formation processes, were identified through this analysis. These 29 forms are then examined from various perspectives in order to begin to better understand the process of lexical emergence.

Bibliographic note

© Cambridge University Press 2016


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-127
Number of pages29
JournalEnglish Language & Linguistics
Issue number1
Early online date25 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017

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