Analysis and Control of Harmonic Radiation From Active Integrated Oscillator Antennas

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Harmonic radiation from microstrip patch oscillators is examined experimentally and theoretically using both a single and dual parallel-tuned circuit Van der Pol oscillator model. Closed-form expressions are obtained for the fundamental and first harmonic voltage amplitudes, and results show reasonably good agreement with a commercial circuit simulator. Such expressions will be useful for designers of active integrated antennas, giving them greater physical insight into their operation. Experimental results are presented for three configurations, of a patch oscillator, i.e., rectangular patch, circular-sector patch, and quarter-wave shorted patch. The latter two configurations present very low resistance at the first harmonic frequency and this leads to improved harmonic suppression performance. This is in qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2639-2646
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2002


  • active integrated antennas, antennas, harmonic radiation