An observational study of haemostatic changes, leptin and soluble endoglin during pregnancy in women with different BMIs.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Ellie S Morgan
  • Ellie Wilson
  • Therese Melody
  • Kiran Parmar
  • Yan Zhang
  • Beverley J Hunt

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Obesity increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in pregnancy. The pathogenesis is hypothesized to be because of multiple factors including prothrombotic changes, but there has been minimal haemostatic research looking at the combined state of obesity and pregnancy. We aimed to determine whether variation in BMI in the third trimester of pregnancy was associated with prothrombotic changes. We recruited 110 women into four groups depending on their BMI at first antenatal appointment: normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese. Women with increased risk of VTE, and/or receiving thromboprophylaxis, and/or more than 35 years and those in labour were excluded. Thromboelastography, platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, fibrinogen, prothrombin fragment 1 + 2, free and total protein S, plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1, tissue plasminogen activator antigen, D-dimers, soluble endoglin and leptin levels were measured. There were no significant differences in haemostatic measures with changing BMI. There was a positive correlation between BMI and both platelet count (correlation coefficient r = 0.214, P = 0.036) and leptin (r = 0.435, P < 0.001), but only leptin had a significant association with BMI once adjusted for age, gestation and parity. Despite recruitment into the morbidly obese group being suboptimal, these findings suggest that in pregnancy, the increased risk of VTE seen in obese mothers is not mediated through increased prothrombotic changes, and thus the increased risk of VTE in obese pregnant women may be because of other mechanisms, for example endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and venous stasis. Copyright (C) 2016 YEAR Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Early online date12 Feb 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • haemostasis, obesity, pregnancy, thromboelastography, venous