An audit of outcome in intravascular transfusions using the intrahepatic portion of the fetal umbilical veing compared to cordocentesis

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Introduction: Maternal red cell alloimmunization is a potential cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The outcome of severe disease has been transformed by the use of in-utero and particularly, fetal intravascular transfusion. In the majority of instances this is performed by cordocentesis. However, this cohort study represents the experience in a large tertiary referral Centre in performing fetal intravascular transfusions via the intrahepatic vein (IHV). Methods: Over an 8-year period, 1997-2004, 221 in-utero transfusions (IUT) were performed for rhesus disease in 66 pregnancies. 86% had severe fetal anaemia caused by anti-D, 10.6% by anti-Kell and 3.4% by anti-c. The median maternal age of the cohort was 31 years (range 19-43). The median gestation at initial IUT was 25 weeks (interquartile range (IQR) 23-29 weeks). Results: A median number of three IUT were performed in each fetus (IQR 2-5) with a median haemoglobin at first fetal blood sampling of 7.3 g% (IQR 4.6-8.8 g%) (73%


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-6
Number of pages5
JournalFetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • fetal anaemia, intrahepatic transfusion, fetal intravascular transfusion, cordocentesis