Alpha-1-antitrypsin genotyping with mouthwash specimens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Robert Stockley
  • EJ Campbell

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Alpha1-antitrypsin (alpha1-AT) deficiency is diagnosed as a two-stage procedure (concentration and phenotype). However the latter does not provide clues to the presence of null genes without family studies and obtaining blood from patients at a distance often proves difficult. The aim of the study was to assess the feasibility of genotyping alpha1-AT using buccal cells. Mouthwash specimens were sent by 84 patients (with a variety of phenotypes of alpha1-antitrypsin) through the post. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) was isolated from buccal cells in each sample and subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a genotyping kit to detect the S and Z alleles. Eighty-three of 84 samples received were suitable for amplification. The specific primers successfully identified the S and Z alleles in each case. However, five of the 35 samples obtained from patients thought to be Z allele homozygotes were found to be heterozygotes for another severe deficiency allele. These data confirm the feasibility of "at distance" testing for alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency alleles using buccal cells from mouthwash samples. The results raise the possibility that other deficiency alleles are more common than has previously been suspected.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)356-359
Number of pages4
JournalThe European respiratory journal
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2001