Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon. / Zauner, Andrea; Fellinger, Robert; Gross, Joachim; Hanslmayr, Simon; Shapiro, Kimron; Gruber, Walter; Müller, Sebastian; Klimesch, Wolfgang.

In: NeuroImage, Vol. 63, No. 2, 01.11.2012, p. 674-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Zauner, A, Fellinger, R, Gross, J, Hanslmayr, S, Shapiro, K, Gruber, W, Müller, S & Klimesch, W 2012, 'Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon', NeuroImage, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 674-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.075

APA

Zauner, A., Fellinger, R., Gross, J., Hanslmayr, S., Shapiro, K., Gruber, W., Müller, S., & Klimesch, W. (2012). Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon. NeuroImage, 63(2), 674-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.075

Vancouver

Author

Zauner, Andrea ; Fellinger, Robert ; Gross, Joachim ; Hanslmayr, Simon ; Shapiro, Kimron ; Gruber, Walter ; Müller, Sebastian ; Klimesch, Wolfgang. / Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon. In: NeuroImage. 2012 ; Vol. 63, No. 2. pp. 674-86.

Bibtex

@article{d206a5dae4bb4f038c736902b7c19f6f,
title = "Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon",
abstract = "The attentional blink phenomenon is the reduced ability to report a second target (T2) after identifying a first target (T1) in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli (e.g., letters), which are presented at approximately 10 items per second. Several explanations have been proposed, which focus primarily on cognitive aspects, such as attentional filter-, capacity limitation- and retrieval failure-processes. Here, we focus on the hypothesis that an entrainment of alpha oscillations (with a frequency of about 10Hz) is a critical factor for the attentional blink phenomenon. Our hypothesis is based on the fact that item presentation rate in the RSVP typically lies in the alpha frequency range and is motivated by theories assuming an inhibitory function for alpha. We predict that entrainment--during the time window of T2 presentation--is larger for attentional blink (AB) items (when T2 cannot be reported) than for NoAB trials (when T2 cannot be reported). The results support our hypothesis and show that alpha entrainment as measured by the amplitude of the alpha evoked response and the extent of alpha phase concentration is larger for AB than for NoAB trials. Together with the lack of differences in alpha power these findings demonstrate that the differences between AB and NoAB trials--during presentation onset of T2--are due to an entrainment of alpha phase and not due to an amplitude modulation. Thus, we conclude that alpha entrainment may be considered the critical factor underlying the attentional blink phenomenon.",
keywords = "Adult, Attentional Blink, Brain, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Female, Humans, Male, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted",
author = "Andrea Zauner and Robert Fellinger and Joachim Gross and Simon Hanslmayr and Kimron Shapiro and Walter Gruber and Sebastian M{\"u}ller and Wolfgang Klimesch",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
month = nov,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.075",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
pages = "674--86",
journal = "NeuroImage",
issn = "1053-8119",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alpha entrainment is responsible for the attentional blink phenomenon

AU - Zauner, Andrea

AU - Fellinger, Robert

AU - Gross, Joachim

AU - Hanslmayr, Simon

AU - Shapiro, Kimron

AU - Gruber, Walter

AU - Müller, Sebastian

AU - Klimesch, Wolfgang

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/11/1

Y1 - 2012/11/1

N2 - The attentional blink phenomenon is the reduced ability to report a second target (T2) after identifying a first target (T1) in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli (e.g., letters), which are presented at approximately 10 items per second. Several explanations have been proposed, which focus primarily on cognitive aspects, such as attentional filter-, capacity limitation- and retrieval failure-processes. Here, we focus on the hypothesis that an entrainment of alpha oscillations (with a frequency of about 10Hz) is a critical factor for the attentional blink phenomenon. Our hypothesis is based on the fact that item presentation rate in the RSVP typically lies in the alpha frequency range and is motivated by theories assuming an inhibitory function for alpha. We predict that entrainment--during the time window of T2 presentation--is larger for attentional blink (AB) items (when T2 cannot be reported) than for NoAB trials (when T2 cannot be reported). The results support our hypothesis and show that alpha entrainment as measured by the amplitude of the alpha evoked response and the extent of alpha phase concentration is larger for AB than for NoAB trials. Together with the lack of differences in alpha power these findings demonstrate that the differences between AB and NoAB trials--during presentation onset of T2--are due to an entrainment of alpha phase and not due to an amplitude modulation. Thus, we conclude that alpha entrainment may be considered the critical factor underlying the attentional blink phenomenon.

AB - The attentional blink phenomenon is the reduced ability to report a second target (T2) after identifying a first target (T1) in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) of stimuli (e.g., letters), which are presented at approximately 10 items per second. Several explanations have been proposed, which focus primarily on cognitive aspects, such as attentional filter-, capacity limitation- and retrieval failure-processes. Here, we focus on the hypothesis that an entrainment of alpha oscillations (with a frequency of about 10Hz) is a critical factor for the attentional blink phenomenon. Our hypothesis is based on the fact that item presentation rate in the RSVP typically lies in the alpha frequency range and is motivated by theories assuming an inhibitory function for alpha. We predict that entrainment--during the time window of T2 presentation--is larger for attentional blink (AB) items (when T2 cannot be reported) than for NoAB trials (when T2 cannot be reported). The results support our hypothesis and show that alpha entrainment as measured by the amplitude of the alpha evoked response and the extent of alpha phase concentration is larger for AB than for NoAB trials. Together with the lack of differences in alpha power these findings demonstrate that the differences between AB and NoAB trials--during presentation onset of T2--are due to an entrainment of alpha phase and not due to an amplitude modulation. Thus, we conclude that alpha entrainment may be considered the critical factor underlying the attentional blink phenomenon.

KW - Adult

KW - Attentional Blink

KW - Brain

KW - Electroencephalography

KW - Evoked Potentials

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.075

DO - 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.06.075

M3 - Article

C2 - 22796984

VL - 63

SP - 674

EP - 686

JO - NeuroImage

JF - NeuroImage

SN - 1053-8119

IS - 2

ER -