AI-based smartphone apps for risk assessment of skin cancer need more evaluation and better regulation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


Smartphone applications (“apps”) with artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms are increasingly used in healthcare. Widespread adoption of these apps must be supported by a robust evidence-base and app manufacturers’ claims appropriately regulated. Current CE marking assessment processes inadequately protect the public against the risks created by using smartphone diagnostic apps.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: Funding information J.D. is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Birmingham Biomedical Research Centre at the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust and the University of Birmingham (grant reference No BRC-1215-20009). The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care. Publisher Copyright: © 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Cancer Research UK.


Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Early online date19 Mar 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Mar 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

Sustainable Development Goals