Aesthetic, sociological and exploitative attitudes to landscape in Greco-Roman literature, art and culture

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This article introduces and discusses ancient and contemporary approaches to landscape, and proposes model readings for their evaluation. Perceptions of landscape in the Greco-Roman world were strongly associated with cultivation and human intervention. In order better to understand how and why aesthetic interest, sentiment, mood, and movement can also be significant, this article explores what makes for ‘improvement’ and value in landscape. It also investigates how contemporary theory offers new ways of evaluating ancient depictions of landscape and responses to the natural environment.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOxford Handbooks Online
Subtitle of host publicationScholarly Research Reviews
EditorsGareth Williams
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 2017


  • landscape, classical antiquity, imperialism, agriculture, environment , nature, place, topography, ecocriticism, architecture, aesthetics, art, cultivation