Adolescent and parent diabetes distress in type 1 diabetes: The role of self-efficacy, perceived consequences, family responsibility and adolescent–parent discrepancies.

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Objective: To examine the association of adolescent and parent diabetes distress with perceived consequences, dietary self-efficacy, and discrepancies in diabetes family responsibility, in type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Methods: 203 adolescents with T1D, aged 12–18, and their parents completed self-report questionnaires cross-sectionally.

Results: Higher HbA1c, greater perceived negative consequences of diabetes, and reduced self-efficacy predicted adolescent diabetes distress. Higher HbA1c predicted parental diabetes distress, as did diabetes family responsibility disagreements when both family members claimed responsibility, and parents' perception of reduced adolescent self-efficacy.

Conclusion: Dietary self-efficacy and perceived negative consequences of diabetes are important factors to consider in assessing and managing adolescent diabetes distress. Perceptions of family responsibility for self-care tasks and parental confidence in adolescents' self-management have implications for parental diabetes distress. Clinical implications support long-held recommendations of taking a family-perspective of T1D care.


Original languageEnglish
Article number74 (2013)
Pages (from-to)334-339
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Adolescent, Distress, Parent, Responsibility, Self-efficacy, Type 1 diabetes

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