Adjective complementation patterns and judgement: aligning lexical-grammatical and discourse-semantic approaches in appraisal research

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Sichuan International Studies University


This study takes a lexical-grammatical approach to exploring the evaluation of human behaviour and/or character. It uses adjective complementation patterns as the starting point to examine the lexical-grammatical resources at risk in the appraisal system of judgement, aiming to explore the extent to which we can arrive at the same categorization of the resources realizing judgement if a formal or lexical-grammatical approach, rather than a discourse-semantic one, is taken. Using a corpus compiled of texts categorized as ‘Biography’ in the British National Corpus, the study, on the one hand, shows that most of the items identified can be very satisfactorily classified in terms posited in the judgement system, suggesting that the nomenclature from that model is useful. On the other hand, a considerable number of items have also been identified which construe attitudes towards emotional types of personality traits, leading to the proposal of a potentially useful new judgement category and further an adjusted system of judgement. The heuristic potential of aligning the lexical-grammatical and discourse-semantic approaches to appraisal is further discussed.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415–439
Number of pages25
JournalText & Talk - An Interdisciplinary Journal of Language Discourse Communication Studies
Issue number3
Early online date27 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • evaluation, appraisal, judgement, adjective complementation pattern, discourse-semantics