Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs

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Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs. / Hubel, Tatjana Y; Myatt, Julia P; Jordan, Neil R; Dewhirst, Oliver P; McNutt, J Weldon; Wilson, Alan M.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 11033, 29.03.2016.

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Hubel, Tatjana Y ; Myatt, Julia P ; Jordan, Neil R ; Dewhirst, Oliver P ; McNutt, J Weldon ; Wilson, Alan M. / Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs. In: Nature Communications. 2016 ; Vol. 7.

Bibtex

@article{66b8c0a047924416a6caa1d68163ab0f,
title = "Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs",
abstract = "African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are described as highly collaborative endurance pursuit hunters based on observations derived primarily from the grass plains of East Africa. However, the remaining population of this endangered species mainly occupies mixed woodland savannah where hunting strategies appear to differ from those previously described. We used high-resolution GPS and inertial technology to record fine-scale movement of all members of a single pack of six adult African wild dogs in northern Botswana. The dogs used multiple short-distance hunting attempts with a low individual kill rate (15.5%), but high group feeding rate due to the sharing of prey. Use of high-level cooperative chase strategies (coordination and collaboration) was not recorded. In the mixed woodland habitats typical of their current range, simultaneous, opportunistic, short-distance chasing by dogs pursuing multiple prey (rather than long collaborative pursuits of single prey by multiple individuals) could be the key to their relative success in these habitats.",
keywords = "Biological sciences, ecology, zoology",
author = "Hubel, {Tatjana Y} and Myatt, {Julia P} and Jordan, {Neil R} and Dewhirst, {Oliver P} and McNutt, {J Weldon} and Wilson, {Alan M}",
year = "2016",
month = mar,
day = "29",
doi = "10.1038/ncomms11033",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Additive opportunistic capture explains group hunting benefits in African wild dogs

AU - Hubel, Tatjana Y

AU - Myatt, Julia P

AU - Jordan, Neil R

AU - Dewhirst, Oliver P

AU - McNutt, J Weldon

AU - Wilson, Alan M

PY - 2016/3/29

Y1 - 2016/3/29

N2 - African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are described as highly collaborative endurance pursuit hunters based on observations derived primarily from the grass plains of East Africa. However, the remaining population of this endangered species mainly occupies mixed woodland savannah where hunting strategies appear to differ from those previously described. We used high-resolution GPS and inertial technology to record fine-scale movement of all members of a single pack of six adult African wild dogs in northern Botswana. The dogs used multiple short-distance hunting attempts with a low individual kill rate (15.5%), but high group feeding rate due to the sharing of prey. Use of high-level cooperative chase strategies (coordination and collaboration) was not recorded. In the mixed woodland habitats typical of their current range, simultaneous, opportunistic, short-distance chasing by dogs pursuing multiple prey (rather than long collaborative pursuits of single prey by multiple individuals) could be the key to their relative success in these habitats.

AB - African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) are described as highly collaborative endurance pursuit hunters based on observations derived primarily from the grass plains of East Africa. However, the remaining population of this endangered species mainly occupies mixed woodland savannah where hunting strategies appear to differ from those previously described. We used high-resolution GPS and inertial technology to record fine-scale movement of all members of a single pack of six adult African wild dogs in northern Botswana. The dogs used multiple short-distance hunting attempts with a low individual kill rate (15.5%), but high group feeding rate due to the sharing of prey. Use of high-level cooperative chase strategies (coordination and collaboration) was not recorded. In the mixed woodland habitats typical of their current range, simultaneous, opportunistic, short-distance chasing by dogs pursuing multiple prey (rather than long collaborative pursuits of single prey by multiple individuals) could be the key to their relative success in these habitats.

KW - Biological sciences

KW - ecology

KW - zoology

U2 - 10.1038/ncomms11033

DO - 10.1038/ncomms11033

M3 - Article

C2 - 27023355

VL - 7

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 11033

ER -