Acute alcohol consumption and secondary psychopathic traits increase ratings of the attractiveness and health of ethnic ingroup faces but not outgroup faces

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Ian J Mitchell
  • Monica Leverton
  • Victoria Llewellyn
  • Emily Neale
  • Isobel Stevenson

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Studies have consistently shown that both consumption of acute amounts of alcohol and elevated antisocial psychopathic traits are associated with an impaired ability for prepotent response inhibition. This may manifest as a reduced ability to inhibit prepotent race biased responses. Here, we tested the effects of acute alcohol consumption, and elevated antisocial psychopathic traits, on judgments of the attractiveness and health of ethnic ingroup and outgroup faces. In the first study, we show that following acute alcohol consumption, at a dose that is sufficient to result in impaired performance on tests of executive function, Caucasian participants judged White faces to be more attractive and healthier compared to when sober. However, this effect did not extend to Black faces. A similar effect was found in a second study involving sober Caucasian participants where secondary psychopathic traits were related to an intergroup bias in the ratings of attractiveness for White versus Black faces. These results are discussed in terms of a model which postulates that poor prefrontal functioning leads to increases in ingroup liking as a result of impaired abilities for prepotent response inhibition.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number25
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 19 Feb 2015

Keywords

  • alcohol, psychopathy, attractiveness, health, ingroup, outgroup, prepotent, response inhibition