Abnormally speeded saccades to ipsilesional targets in patients with spatial neglect

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

We mapped the distribution of saccadic reaction times (SRTs) in the visual field of patients with spatial neglect in order to characterise the topography of the bias in spatial orientation peculiar to this disorder. LED-generated stimuli were lit randomly in one of four positions (+/-5 degrees , +/-10 degrees , +/-20 degrees , +/-30 degrees ) along the horizontal meridian in blocks of either ipsilesional or contralesional presentations. Patients were asked to move the gaze as quickly as possible from central fixation to target upon its appearance. Unlike control subjects, patients with neglect showed an asymmetric distribution of visuo-motor performance in the two hemifields with an increasing impairment in target detection and saccadic reaction at increasing eccentricities in the contralesional field. In contrast, in the ipsilesional field they showed abnormally speeded SRTs at 5 degrees and 10 degrees , outperforming even healthy subjects. Latency of saccades increased again at more peripheral ipsilesional locations (20 degrees and 30 degrees ) where there was also a tendency for a higher omission rate as compared to control groups. These results indicate that in neglect patients the spatial orientation bias, as witnessed by saccadic performance, specifically affects an off-centred sector of the ipsilesional space, and this is in keeping with evidence from a previous study using a manual RT paradigm. The generality of this phenomenon across different types of motor response suggests that it depends upon abnormal mechanisms of spatial coding interfering with perceptual processing and orienting behaviour.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume45
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007