A study of angiogenesis markers in patients with renal cell carcinoma undergoing therapy with sunitinib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Clive Stubbs
  • Antonio D. Bardoli
  • Mehran Afshar
  • Manuela Miscoria
  • Isabella Wheeley

External organisations

  • Birmingham University
  • University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust
  • University of Warwick, Warwick, United Kingdom.


Background: Sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) targeting tumour angiogenesis in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Currently no universally agreed model exists correlating the expression of angiogenesis markers with the success of treatment. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analysed archival tissue for 59 RCC patients treated with sunitinib. The expression of angiogenesis markers VEGF-A, VEGFR, PDGFββ, PDGFR, CCND1 and CA9 was assessed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and correlated with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Results: The median OS and median PFS of the whole group of patients was 24.6 months (17.3-34.2) and 19.5 months (11-27) respectively. VEGFA was positive in 29% of tumors, whereas VEGFR was expressed in only 12% of tumours. PDGFββ and its receptor were detected in a minority of cases. CCND1 and CA9 were positive in 44% and 60% of cases. Conclusion: The OS and PFS achieved by our patients reflected previous observations seen with sunitinib, but no correlation was found between expression of angiogenesis markers and clinical outcome.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Angiogenesis, CA9, CCND1, Outcome, PDGFR, PDGFββ, Renal cell carcinoma, Sunitinib, Survival, VEGF-A, VEGFR

ASJC Scopus subject areas