A simplified flange-lip model for distortional buckling of cold-formed steel channel-sections with stiffened web

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Xu-hao Huang
  • Jian Yang
  • Qing-feng Liu
  • Jue Zhu
  • Li Bai
  • Fei-liang Wang

External organisations

  • State Key Laboratory of Ocean Engineering, School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University


In the current paper presents a simplified analytical model for determining the critical stress of distortional buckling of lipped channel-sections with stiffened web made from cold-form steel (CFS). Lipped channel-section with stiffened web have been shown to have a distinct advantage in resisting local buckling and are associated with the higher distortional buckling stress, when compared to the channel-section without stiffener. It is widely used as a substitution for standard channel-section in cold form steel construction applications. In the current work, CFS channel-sections with stiffened web are investigated based on the flange-lip model. In order to determine the stiffness of rotational springs representing the restraining effect of the web to the flange–lip system, the web with different type of stiffeners is modelled as an orthopedic plate. Using the total potential energy principle, the formula for calculating the local buckling stress of the stiffened web considering loading scenarios including a pure compression and a pure bending moment are derived. The stiffness of rotational spring can be obtained. Finally, the prediction of distortional buckling critical stress of lipped channel-section with different type of stiffened webs is carried out, which is shown to be in good agreement with those calculated by the finite strip method (FSM).


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-459
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Sciences
Early online date29 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Cold-formed steel, distortional buckling, Stiffened web, Analytical solution