A role for the endothelial glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan in neutrophil recruitment by endothelial cells cultured for prolonged periods
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Colleges, School and Institutes
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) presented on the surface of endothelial cells (ECs) are believed to influence leukocyte recruitment during inflammation, but their roles remain uncertain. Here we report an in vitro model of prolonged culture of human EC in which the contributions of heparan sulphate (HS) and hyaluronan (HA) to the process of neutrophil recruitment Could be Studied. Previously, we reported that increasing EC culture duration (up to 20 days) enhanced neutrophil recruitment in response to low dose (1 U/ml) but not high dose (100 U/ml) Of turnout necrosis factor-alpha (TNF). Here we found that HS and HA were present at much higher levels on the Surface of day 20 cultures than day 3 Cultures. Neutrophil recruitment oil both day 3 and day 20 ECs was mediated through CXCR chemokine receptors and interleukin-8 (IL-8). In addition, mRNA levels for TNF receptors, signalling pathway constituents, adhesion receptors, and chemokines involved in neutrophil recruitment were similar for day 3 and day 20 ECs. To test whether the enhanced neutrophil recruitment on day 20 EC was mediated by GAGs, they were removed enzymatically. Removal of HA (but not HS) inhibited neutrophil recruitment, as did antibody blockade of CD44, a counter-receptor for HA on neutrophils. Supernatants from hyaluronidase-treated day 20 ECs were more potent in activating neutrophils than supernatants from untreated EC. Thus, HA has a role in neutrophil recruitment that is revealed in long-term cultures where it increases potency of response to sub-optimal levels of TNF. This effect appears to occur through a dual mechanism involving chemokine presentation and interaction with CD44. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Experimental Cell Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Nov 2009|