A persistent and diverse airway microbiota present during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • Yvonne J Huang
  • Eugenia Kim
  • Eoin L Brodie
  • Ron Brown
  • Jeanine P Wiener-Kronish
  • Susan V Lynch

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143-0538, USA.

Abstract

Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major source of morbidity and contribute significantly to healthcare costs. Although bacterial infections are implicated in nearly 50% of exacerbations, only a handful of pathogens have been consistently identified in COPD airways, primarily by culture-based methods, and the bacterial microbiota in acute exacerbations remains largely uncharacterized. The aim of this study was to comprehensively profile airway bacterial communities using a culture-independent microarray, the 16S rRNA PhyloChip, of a cohort of COPD patients requiring ventilatory support and antibiotic therapy for exacerbation-related respiratory failure. PhyloChip analysis revealed the presence of over 1,200 bacterial taxa representing 140 distinct families, many previously undetected in airway diseases; bacterial community composition was strongly influenced by the duration of intubation. A core community of 75 taxa was detected in all patients, many of which are known pathogens. Bacterial community diversity in COPD airways is substantially greater than previously recognized and includes a number of potential pathogens detected in the setting of antibiotic exposure. Comprehensive assessment of the COPD airway microbiota using high-throughput, culture-independent methods may prove key to understanding the relationships between airway bacterial colonization, acute exacerbation, and clinical outcomes in this and other chronic inflammatory airway diseases.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-59
Number of pages51
JournalOMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bacteria/classification, Base Sequence, Bronchi/microbiology, Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid, Cohort Studies, DNA Primers, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Phylogeny, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/microbiology, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics