A parametric model of residential built form for forecasting the viability of sustainable technologies

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A parametric model of residential built form for forecasting the viability of sustainable technologies. / Hargreaves, Anthony J.

In: Sustainable Cities and Society, Vol. 69, 102829, 06.2021.

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@article{ebd9150b130c442584904610da1ab488,
title = "A parametric model of residential built form for forecasting the viability of sustainable technologies",
abstract = "Renewable supply systems, such as rainwater harvesting and ground source heat pumps, have the potential to improve the sustainability and resilience of residential areas. However, their feasibility partly depends on the dimensions and plot areas of the dwellings, and there has been a lack of a suitable method of modelling these for future urban development. This paper therefore calibrates and validates a method of modelling how the plot areas and footprints of dwellings would vary in size. Its inputs are the total dwellings and their average density for each area type within a district. It could thereby complete a chain of urban modelling from regional to local scale for testing spatial planning scenarios. The results show that the calibration of the model is transferable between spatial scales and UK regions, and the results are validated against detailed GIS data. It is then developed into a novel parametric model to estimate how built form will affect the future potential of renewable supply systems, and this is demonstrated using rainwater harvesting as an example. It provides estimates of water-savings at district scale that are more reliable than the usual method of using discrete average dimensions per dwelling type. ",
keywords = "Gamma distribution, housing typologies, spatial interaction, rainwater harvesting, renewable supply, urban modelling",
author = "Hargreaves, {Anthony J}",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1016/j.scs.2021.102829",
language = "English",
volume = "69",
journal = "Sustainable Cities and Society",
issn = "2210-6707",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A parametric model of residential built form for forecasting the viability of sustainable technologies

AU - Hargreaves, Anthony J

PY - 2021/6

Y1 - 2021/6

N2 - Renewable supply systems, such as rainwater harvesting and ground source heat pumps, have the potential to improve the sustainability and resilience of residential areas. However, their feasibility partly depends on the dimensions and plot areas of the dwellings, and there has been a lack of a suitable method of modelling these for future urban development. This paper therefore calibrates and validates a method of modelling how the plot areas and footprints of dwellings would vary in size. Its inputs are the total dwellings and their average density for each area type within a district. It could thereby complete a chain of urban modelling from regional to local scale for testing spatial planning scenarios. The results show that the calibration of the model is transferable between spatial scales and UK regions, and the results are validated against detailed GIS data. It is then developed into a novel parametric model to estimate how built form will affect the future potential of renewable supply systems, and this is demonstrated using rainwater harvesting as an example. It provides estimates of water-savings at district scale that are more reliable than the usual method of using discrete average dimensions per dwelling type.

AB - Renewable supply systems, such as rainwater harvesting and ground source heat pumps, have the potential to improve the sustainability and resilience of residential areas. However, their feasibility partly depends on the dimensions and plot areas of the dwellings, and there has been a lack of a suitable method of modelling these for future urban development. This paper therefore calibrates and validates a method of modelling how the plot areas and footprints of dwellings would vary in size. Its inputs are the total dwellings and their average density for each area type within a district. It could thereby complete a chain of urban modelling from regional to local scale for testing spatial planning scenarios. The results show that the calibration of the model is transferable between spatial scales and UK regions, and the results are validated against detailed GIS data. It is then developed into a novel parametric model to estimate how built form will affect the future potential of renewable supply systems, and this is demonstrated using rainwater harvesting as an example. It provides estimates of water-savings at district scale that are more reliable than the usual method of using discrete average dimensions per dwelling type.

KW - Gamma distribution

KW - housing typologies

KW - spatial interaction

KW - rainwater harvesting

KW - renewable supply

KW - urban modelling

U2 - 10.1016/j.scs.2021.102829

DO - 10.1016/j.scs.2021.102829

M3 - Article

VL - 69

JO - Sustainable Cities and Society

JF - Sustainable Cities and Society

SN - 2210-6707

M1 - 102829

ER -