A numerical investigation into the importance of bed permeability on determining flow structures over river dunes

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A numerical investigation into the importance of bed permeability on determining flow structures over river dunes. / Sinha, Sumit; Hardy, Richard J.; Blois, Gianluca; Best, James L.; Sambrook-Smith, Greg.

In: Water Resources Research, 23.03.2017.

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@article{80d595ff43064eca935e80500eb8862a,
title = "A numerical investigation into the importance of bed permeability on determining flow structures over river dunes",
abstract = "Although permeable sediments dominate the majority of natural environments past work concerning bedform dynamics has considered the bed to be impermeable, and has generally neglected flow between the hyporheic zone and boundary layer. Herein, we present results detailing numerically modelled flow which allow the effects of bed permeability on bedform dynamics to be assessed.Simulation of an isolated impermeable bedform over a permeable bed shows that flow is forced into the bed upstream of the dune and returns to the boundary layer at the leeside, in the form of returning jets that generate horseshoe-shaped vortices. The returning flow significantly influences the leeside flow, modifying the separation zone, lifting the shear layer adjoining the separation zone away from the bed. Simulation of a permeable dune on a permeable bed reveals even greater modifications as the flow through the dune negates the formation of any flow separation in the leeside. With two dunes placed in series the flow over the downstream dune is influenced by the developing boundary layer on the leeside of the upstream dune. For the permeable bed case the upwelling flow lifts the separated flow from the bed, modifies the shear layer through the coalescence with vortices generated, and causes the shear layer to undulate rather than be parallel to the bed.These results demonstrate the significant effect that bed permeability has on the flow over bedforms that may be critical in affecting the flux of water and nutrients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
author = "Sumit Sinha and Hardy, {Richard J.} and Gianluca Blois and Best, {James L.} and Greg Sambrook-Smith",
year = "2017",
month = mar
day = "23",
doi = "10.1002/2016WR019662",
language = "English",
journal = "Water Resources Research",
issn = "0043-1397",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A numerical investigation into the importance of bed permeability on determining flow structures over river dunes

AU - Sinha, Sumit

AU - Hardy, Richard J.

AU - Blois, Gianluca

AU - Best, James L.

AU - Sambrook-Smith, Greg

PY - 2017/3/23

Y1 - 2017/3/23

N2 - Although permeable sediments dominate the majority of natural environments past work concerning bedform dynamics has considered the bed to be impermeable, and has generally neglected flow between the hyporheic zone and boundary layer. Herein, we present results detailing numerically modelled flow which allow the effects of bed permeability on bedform dynamics to be assessed.Simulation of an isolated impermeable bedform over a permeable bed shows that flow is forced into the bed upstream of the dune and returns to the boundary layer at the leeside, in the form of returning jets that generate horseshoe-shaped vortices. The returning flow significantly influences the leeside flow, modifying the separation zone, lifting the shear layer adjoining the separation zone away from the bed. Simulation of a permeable dune on a permeable bed reveals even greater modifications as the flow through the dune negates the formation of any flow separation in the leeside. With two dunes placed in series the flow over the downstream dune is influenced by the developing boundary layer on the leeside of the upstream dune. For the permeable bed case the upwelling flow lifts the separated flow from the bed, modifies the shear layer through the coalescence with vortices generated, and causes the shear layer to undulate rather than be parallel to the bed.These results demonstrate the significant effect that bed permeability has on the flow over bedforms that may be critical in affecting the flux of water and nutrients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - Although permeable sediments dominate the majority of natural environments past work concerning bedform dynamics has considered the bed to be impermeable, and has generally neglected flow between the hyporheic zone and boundary layer. Herein, we present results detailing numerically modelled flow which allow the effects of bed permeability on bedform dynamics to be assessed.Simulation of an isolated impermeable bedform over a permeable bed shows that flow is forced into the bed upstream of the dune and returns to the boundary layer at the leeside, in the form of returning jets that generate horseshoe-shaped vortices. The returning flow significantly influences the leeside flow, modifying the separation zone, lifting the shear layer adjoining the separation zone away from the bed. Simulation of a permeable dune on a permeable bed reveals even greater modifications as the flow through the dune negates the formation of any flow separation in the leeside. With two dunes placed in series the flow over the downstream dune is influenced by the developing boundary layer on the leeside of the upstream dune. For the permeable bed case the upwelling flow lifts the separated flow from the bed, modifies the shear layer through the coalescence with vortices generated, and causes the shear layer to undulate rather than be parallel to the bed.These results demonstrate the significant effect that bed permeability has on the flow over bedforms that may be critical in affecting the flux of water and nutrients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1002/2016WR019662

DO - 10.1002/2016WR019662

M3 - Article

JO - Water Resources Research

JF - Water Resources Research

SN - 0043-1397

ER -