A novel selective 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 inhibitor prevents human adipogenesis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • LL Gathercole
  • C Darimont
  • J Ermolieff
  • AN Fanjul
  • PA Rejto

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Glucocorticoid excess increases fat mass, preferentially within omental depots; yet circulating cortisol concentrations are normal in most patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). At a pre-receptor level, 11b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11b-HSD1) activates cortisol from cortisone locally within adipose tissue, and inhibition of 11b-HSD1 in liver and adipose tissue has been proposed as a novel therapy to treat MS by reducing hepatic glucose output and adiposity. Using a transformed human subcutaneous preadipocyte cell line (Chub-S7) and human primary preadipocytes, we have defined the role of glucocorticoids and 11b-HSD1 in regulating adipose tissue differentiation. Human cells were differentiated with 1.0 mM cortisol (F), or cortisone (E) with or without 100 nM of a highly selective 11b-HSD1 inhibitor PF-877423. 11b-HSD1 mRNA expression increased across adipocyte differentiation (P!0.001, nZ4), which was paralleled by an increase in 11b-HSD1 oxo-reductase activity (from nil on day 0 to 5.9G1.9 pmol/mg per h on day 16,P!0.01, nZ7). Cortisone enhanced adipocyte differentiation; fatty acid-binding protein 4 expression increased 312-fold (P!0.001) and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase 47-fold (P!0.001) versus controls. This was abolished by co-incubation with PF-877423. In addition, cellular lipid content decreased significantly. These findings were confirmed in the primary cultures of human subcutaneous preadipocytes. The increase in 11b-HSD1 mRNA expression and activity is essential for the induction of human adipogenesis. Blocking adipogenesis with a novel and specific 11b-HSD1 inhibitor may represent a novel approach to treat obesity in patients with MS.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-307
Number of pages11
JournalEndocrinology
Volume197
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2008