A novel method for preparing proton exchange membrane fuel cell electrodes by the ultrasonic-spray technique

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Colleges, School and Institutes


A novel ultrasonic-spray method for preparing gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is described. Platinum (Pt) loaded on Nafion (R)-bonded GDEs were prepared by the ultrasonic-spray method on various commercial woven and non-woven gas diffusion layers (GDLs) at several Pt loadings in the range of 0.40-0.05 mg cm(-2). The ultrasonic-sprayed GDEs were tested and compared to commercial and hand-painted GDEs. It was found that the GDEs prepared by the ultrasonic-spray method exhibited better performances compared to those prepared by the hand-painting technique, especially at low Pt loadings. GDEs fabricated by the ultrasonic-spray method with a platinum loading of 0.05 mg cm(-2) exhibited a peak power rating of 10.9 W mg(-1) compared to 9.8 W mg(-1) for hand-painted GDEs. For all experiments using various GDLs, Sigracet SGL 10BC exhibited the best performance with a peak power of 0.695W cm(-2). (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8500-8508
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011


  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), Membrane electrode assembly (MEA), Ultrasound, Gas diffusion electrode (GDE), Gas diffusion layer (GDL)