A novel double-stage pulsed plasma bright nitriding of spheroidal graphite (SG) cast iron

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Colleges, School and Institutes


To alleviate spallation and effectively hardened the spheroidal graphite cast iron, a diffusion-prevalent hardened case was produced on the spheroidal graphite iron surface by a new two-stage bright nitriding process. The unique feature of this process in treating the sharp edges with high strength and controllable layer thickness has been emphasised. An exceptionally deep diffusion layer of 300 μm was produced during bright nitriding, and the formation and thickness of the compound layer were easily controlled in this continuous short nitriding process. The produced hardened case after the first nitriding stage was mainly composed by polyphase of α/Fe4N, in comparison to the conventional Fe2N3/Fe4N of compound layer, formed along the new pearlite laminae, resulting in significantly improved surface hardness and corrosion resistance.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-220
Early online date12 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • phase transformation, diffusion, nitriding, cast iron, hardness, surface hardening