A novel biorefinery: Biorecovery of precious metals from spent automotive catalyst leachates into new catalysts effective in metal reduction and in the hydrogenation of 2-pentyne

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

With the aim to recover precious metals (PMs) from spent automotive catalyst leachates into new catalysts, cells of Escherichia coli first reduced Pd(II) or Pt(IV) physiologically to nanoparticulate cell-bound Pd(0) and Pt(0). Metallised cells were then used as chemical catalysts for the reductive recovery of precious metals from model solutions and from aqua regia leachates of crushed spent automotive catalyst. Metal removal, which was slower from real leachate due to interference by other contaminants, was complete after 60 h. Biofabricated PM catalyst from waste reduced 0.5 mM Cr(VI) to a similar extent to commercial 5% Pd catalyst but at ∼half the rate. The hydrogenation of 2-pentyne was examined using commercial Pd on Al2O3 catalyst and biofabricated Pd/Pt catalyst, the latter showing more than 3-fold enhanced selectivity towards the desired cis-pentene product. Hence, biorefined PMs offer a clean route to waste treatment and effective neo-catalyst biomanufacture.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume113
Early online date3 Sep 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • 2-Pentyne hydrogenation, Automotive catalysts waste, Biorecovery, Cr(VI) reduction, Neo-catalyst, Precious metals