A method for conducting suppression assays using small numbers of tissue-isolated regulatory T cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Stephen T Ward
  • Ka-Kit Li
  • Stuart M Curbishley

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The suppression assay is a commonly performed assay, measuring the ability of regulatory T cells (Treg) to suppress T cell proliferation. Most frequently, Treg are obtained from the peripheral blood or spleen. Lower yields are obtained by isolation from other tissues, rendering downstream suppression assays challenging to perform. Furthermore, the importance of suppressive subpopulations of Treg favours their isolation by fluorescent-activated cell sorting. Here we describe a method to isolate Treg from human tissues, using colorectal cancer tissue as an example. Treg suppressive capacity was further examined by expression of CCR5 to demonstrate the ability of our method to assess the suppressive capacity of regulatory T cell subsets. To optimise the standard suppression assay to achieve our research aims, the following modifications were made: Treg, isolated from tissues, were sorted directly into a well-plate.Responder T cells, which had been fluorescently-labelled prior to sorting, were added directly into the well-plate.Human Treg Suppression Inspector beads (Miltenyi Biotec Ltd, UK) provided a polyclonal stimulus for proliferation and were added to each well at a bead:lymphocyte ratio of 1:2. This method quantified the suppression of responder T cell proliferation by small numbers of strictly-defined Treg populations isolated from tissues.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalMethodsX
Volume1
Early online date28 Aug 2014
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Aug 2014

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