A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge. / Gaffney, Vincent; Baldwin, Eamonn; Bates, Martin; Bates, C. Richard; Gaffney, Christopher; Hamilton, Derek; Kinnaird, Tim; Neubauer, Wolfgang; Yorston, Ronald; Allaby, Robin; Chapman, Henry; Garwood, Paul; Löcker, Klaus; Hinterleitner, Alois; Sparrow, Tom; Trinks, Immo; Wallner, Mario; Leivers, Matthew.

In: Internet Archaeology, Vol. 55, 4, 21.06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Gaffney, V, Baldwin, E, Bates, M, Bates, CR, Gaffney, C, Hamilton, D, Kinnaird, T, Neubauer, W, Yorston, R, Allaby, R, Chapman, H, Garwood, P, Löcker, K, Hinterleitner, A, Sparrow, T, Trinks, I, Wallner, M & Leivers, M 2020, 'A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge', Internet Archaeology, vol. 55, 4. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.55.4

APA

Gaffney, V., Baldwin, E., Bates, M., Bates, C. R., Gaffney, C., Hamilton, D., Kinnaird, T., Neubauer, W., Yorston, R., Allaby, R., Chapman, H., Garwood, P., Löcker, K., Hinterleitner, A., Sparrow, T., Trinks, I., Wallner, M., & Leivers, M. (2020). A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge. Internet Archaeology, 55, [4]. https://doi.org/10.11141/ia.55.4

Vancouver

Author

Gaffney, Vincent ; Baldwin, Eamonn ; Bates, Martin ; Bates, C. Richard ; Gaffney, Christopher ; Hamilton, Derek ; Kinnaird, Tim ; Neubauer, Wolfgang ; Yorston, Ronald ; Allaby, Robin ; Chapman, Henry ; Garwood, Paul ; Löcker, Klaus ; Hinterleitner, Alois ; Sparrow, Tom ; Trinks, Immo ; Wallner, Mario ; Leivers, Matthew. / A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge. In: Internet Archaeology. 2020 ; Vol. 55.

Bibtex

@article{05a8464cb7894cabae1c20f9b8d67694,
title = "A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge",
abstract = "A series of massive geophysical anomalies, located south of the Durrington Walls henge monument, were identified during fluxgate gradiometer survey undertaken by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (SHLP). Initially interpreted as dewponds, these data have been re-evaluated, along with information on similar features revealed by archaeological contractors undertaking survey and excavation to the north of the Durrington Walls henge. Analysis of the available data identified a total of 20 comparable features, which align within a series of arcs adjacent to Durrington Walls. Further geophysical survey, supported by mechanical coring, was undertaken on several geophysical anomalies to assess their nature, and to provide dating and environmental evidence. The results of fieldwork demonstrate that some of these features, at least, were massive, circular pits with a surface diameter of 20m or more and a depth of at least 5m. Struck flint and bone were recovered from primary silts and radiocarbon dating indicates a Late Neolithic date for the lower silts of one pit. The degree of similarity across the 20 features identified suggests that they could have formed part of a circuit of large pits around Durrington Walls, and this may also have incorporated the recently discovered Larkhill causewayed enclosure. The diameter of the circuit of pits exceeds 2km and there is some evidence that an intermittent, inner post alignment may have existed within the circuit of pits. One pit may provide evidence for a recut; suggesting that some of these features could have been maintained through to the Middle Bronze Age. Together, these features represent a unique group of features related to the henge at Durrington Walls, executed at a scale not previously recorded.",
keywords = "Durrington Walls, Stonehenge, geophysics, Late Neolithic, Middle Bronze Age, landscape archaeology",
author = "Vincent Gaffney and Eamonn Baldwin and Martin Bates and Bates, {C. Richard} and Christopher Gaffney and Derek Hamilton and Tim Kinnaird and Wolfgang Neubauer and Ronald Yorston and Robin Allaby and Henry Chapman and Paul Garwood and Klaus L{\"o}cker and Alois Hinterleitner and Tom Sparrow and Immo Trinks and Mario Wallner and Matthew Leivers",
year = "2020",
month = jun,
day = "21",
doi = "10.11141/ia.55.4",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
journal = "Internet Archaeology",
issn = "1363-5387",
publisher = "Council for British Archaeology",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A massive, late Neolithic pit structure associated with Durrington Walls henge

AU - Gaffney, Vincent

AU - Baldwin, Eamonn

AU - Bates, Martin

AU - Bates, C. Richard

AU - Gaffney, Christopher

AU - Hamilton, Derek

AU - Kinnaird, Tim

AU - Neubauer, Wolfgang

AU - Yorston, Ronald

AU - Allaby, Robin

AU - Chapman, Henry

AU - Garwood, Paul

AU - Löcker, Klaus

AU - Hinterleitner, Alois

AU - Sparrow, Tom

AU - Trinks, Immo

AU - Wallner, Mario

AU - Leivers, Matthew

PY - 2020/6/21

Y1 - 2020/6/21

N2 - A series of massive geophysical anomalies, located south of the Durrington Walls henge monument, were identified during fluxgate gradiometer survey undertaken by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (SHLP). Initially interpreted as dewponds, these data have been re-evaluated, along with information on similar features revealed by archaeological contractors undertaking survey and excavation to the north of the Durrington Walls henge. Analysis of the available data identified a total of 20 comparable features, which align within a series of arcs adjacent to Durrington Walls. Further geophysical survey, supported by mechanical coring, was undertaken on several geophysical anomalies to assess their nature, and to provide dating and environmental evidence. The results of fieldwork demonstrate that some of these features, at least, were massive, circular pits with a surface diameter of 20m or more and a depth of at least 5m. Struck flint and bone were recovered from primary silts and radiocarbon dating indicates a Late Neolithic date for the lower silts of one pit. The degree of similarity across the 20 features identified suggests that they could have formed part of a circuit of large pits around Durrington Walls, and this may also have incorporated the recently discovered Larkhill causewayed enclosure. The diameter of the circuit of pits exceeds 2km and there is some evidence that an intermittent, inner post alignment may have existed within the circuit of pits. One pit may provide evidence for a recut; suggesting that some of these features could have been maintained through to the Middle Bronze Age. Together, these features represent a unique group of features related to the henge at Durrington Walls, executed at a scale not previously recorded.

AB - A series of massive geophysical anomalies, located south of the Durrington Walls henge monument, were identified during fluxgate gradiometer survey undertaken by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project (SHLP). Initially interpreted as dewponds, these data have been re-evaluated, along with information on similar features revealed by archaeological contractors undertaking survey and excavation to the north of the Durrington Walls henge. Analysis of the available data identified a total of 20 comparable features, which align within a series of arcs adjacent to Durrington Walls. Further geophysical survey, supported by mechanical coring, was undertaken on several geophysical anomalies to assess their nature, and to provide dating and environmental evidence. The results of fieldwork demonstrate that some of these features, at least, were massive, circular pits with a surface diameter of 20m or more and a depth of at least 5m. Struck flint and bone were recovered from primary silts and radiocarbon dating indicates a Late Neolithic date for the lower silts of one pit. The degree of similarity across the 20 features identified suggests that they could have formed part of a circuit of large pits around Durrington Walls, and this may also have incorporated the recently discovered Larkhill causewayed enclosure. The diameter of the circuit of pits exceeds 2km and there is some evidence that an intermittent, inner post alignment may have existed within the circuit of pits. One pit may provide evidence for a recut; suggesting that some of these features could have been maintained through to the Middle Bronze Age. Together, these features represent a unique group of features related to the henge at Durrington Walls, executed at a scale not previously recorded.

KW - Durrington Walls

KW - Stonehenge

KW - geophysics

KW - Late Neolithic

KW - Middle Bronze Age

KW - landscape archaeology

U2 - 10.11141/ia.55.4

DO - 10.11141/ia.55.4

M3 - Article

VL - 55

JO - Internet Archaeology

JF - Internet Archaeology

SN - 1363-5387

M1 - 4

ER -